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Discovery of Potash Salts and Fossil Algae in Texas Salt Dome

By
E. DeGolyer
E. DeGolyer
New York
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Published:
January 01, 1926

Abstract

A core of rock salt containing potassium salts and fossil algae was recently taken, at a depth of 4,800 feet, from Gray No. 1 well of the Rycade Oil Corporation at the Markham, Texas, salt dome. This is the first occurrence of potassium salts reported from the salt domes of the United States, and is probably the most important contribution of fact to a study of their origin for a score of years.

The first appreciable step toward a knowledge of the real structure of the domes was the discovery of the main salt mass of Petite Anse, one of the Five Islands of Louisiana, by the deepening of an old brine well in 1862. We came to know the general form, composition, and structure of our domes as a result of the vigorous drilling campaign which followed close upon the discovery of an oil pool on the Spindletop dome in 1901. The active exploration of the domes since that time, in the mining of oil, sulphur, and salt, has served chiefly to emphasize the essential regularity of the domes, their general conformability to type, and to emphasize the uplift of the overlying and contiguous strata by the formation of the salt core and cap rock of the dome.

The first theories of origin—little more than vague speculations based on entirely inadequate conceptions of the true nature of the domes—regarded them as old Cretaceous outliers in Tertiary seas. With a fairly satisfactory working knowledge of the true constitution of the

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Contents

AAPG Special Publication

Geology of Salt Dome Oil Fields

E. DeGolyer
E. DeGolyer
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W. A. J. M. Van Waterschoot Van Der Gracht
W. A. J. M. Van Waterschoot Van Der Gracht
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Marcus I. Goldman
Marcus I. Goldman
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I. P. Voiteşti
I. P. Voiteşti
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S. L. Mason
S. L. Mason
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Hans Stille
Hans Stille
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Donald C. Barton
Donald C. Barton
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Sidney Powers
Sidney Powers
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W. C. Spooner
W. C. Spooner
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David Donoghue
David Donoghue
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Francis Edward Vaughan
Francis Edward Vaughan
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R. H. Goodrich
R. H. Goodrich
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Lyman C. Reed
Lyman C. Reed
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P. K. Kelley
P. K. Kelley
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H. E. Minor
H. E. Minor
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Roland B. Paxton
Roland B. Paxton
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A. S. Henley
A. S. Henley
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John R. Suman
John R. Suman
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George Sawtelle
George Sawtelle
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George M. Bevier
George M. Bevier
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W. F. Bowman
W. F. Bowman
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Alexander Deussen
Alexander Deussen
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Laura Lee Lane
Laura Lee Lane
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D. S. Hager
D. S. Hager
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E. Stiles
E. Stiles
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Paul L. Applin
Paul L. Applin
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William Kennedy
William Kennedy
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Albert G. Wolf
Albert G. Wolf
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Ben C. Belt
Ben C. Belt
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W. F. Henniger
W. F. Henniger
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Raymond C. Moore
Raymond C. Moore
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Wallace E. Pratt
Wallace E. Pratt
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Donald C. Barton
Donald C. Barton
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Alexander Deussen
Alexander Deussen
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J. P. D. Hull
J. P. D. Hull
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American Association of Petroleum Geologists
ISBN electronic:
9781629812601
Publication date:
January 01, 1926

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