Donald C. Barton, 1926. "The Salt Domes of South Texas", Geology of Salt Dome Oil Fields, E. DeGolyer, W. A. J. M. Van Waterschoot Van Der Gracht, Marcus I. Goldman, I. P. Voiteşti, S. L. Mason, Hans Stille, Donald C. Barton, Sidney Powers, W. C. Spooner, David Donoghue, Francis Edward Vaughan, R. H. Goodrich, Lyman C. Reed, P. K. Kelley, H. E. Minor, Roland B. Paxton, A. S. Henley, John R. Suman, George Sawtelle, George M. Bevier, W. F. Bowman, Alexander Deussen, Laura Lee Lane, D. S. Hager, E. Stiles, Paul L. Applin, William Kennedy, Albert G. Wolf, Ben C. Belt, W. F. Henniger, Raymond C. Moore, Wallace E. Pratt, Donald C. Barton, Alexander Deussen, J. P. D. Hull
Download citation file:
In south Texas, there are three known salt domes, Palangana, Piedras Pintas, and Falfurrias; three possible domes, Sal del Rey, Sal Vieja, and Chapeno; and two much less probable domes, Smith Corkill and La Lomita. The structure of Palangana, fairly well known from drilling, is that characteristic of an American salt dome, and is distinctly reflected in the topography. Palangana has no production. At Piedras Pintas, the salt and cap have been drilled into, but not much is known in regard to the structure of the dome. Piedras Pintas has a small, shallow oil field. Both domes gives evidence of the very great upthrust of the salt. On the basis of the evidence afforded by the German salt domes, the origin of salt domes is the plastic deformation of sedimentary salt beds. The origin of salt domes is the plastic deformation of sedimentary salt beds. The origin of the cap, such as is present at both Palangana and Piedras Pintas, has not been satisfactorily explained, although several plausible theories have been proposed. At Falfurrias, the salt has not been encountered, but the presence of a characteristic salt-dome mound and characteristic cap rock indicate the presence of a salt dome, Sal del Rey and Sal Vieja are saline lakes whose topography in a general way is similar to that of a central-depression type of salt-dome mound. The lakes, however, are more probably due to wind activity with concentration of normal surface waters in the wind-scooped basins. Chapeno suggests salt-dome structure in the presence of sulphur deposits. La Lomitä is a mound near the Rio Grande, and Smith Corkill is a group of chalcedonic knobs.
Figures & Tables
Geology of Salt Dome Oil Fields
Coming from an AAPG meeting in 1924, this volume strives to present a comprehensive picture of American salt domes, and to collect and record in permanent form the infirmation that has accumulated during twenty years of exploration for petroleum around the salt domes of the Gulf coastal plain. The plan for the volume included a brief, accurate description of each of the known salt domes. Although the list is not yet quite complete, the facts concerning a number of typical salt domes are presented with sufficient detail to portray +adequately the true nature of this remarkable type of geologic structure. Along with these descriptive papers, and based largely on the data contained in them, are several theoretical and interpretative studies, together, also, with some discussion of European salt domes.