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Book Chapter

Big Hill Salt Dome, Matagorda County, Texas

By
Albert G. Wolf
Albert G. Wolf
Gulf, Texas
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Published:
January 01, 1926

Abstract

Big Hill, Matagorda, is a characteristic Gulf Coast salt dome and has a distinct salt-dome mound, a subcircular salt core intruded into Tertiary sediments and a thick cap on the top of the salt. The cap contains an extensive and important deposit of sulphur. The cap is composed of (a) a “barren cap” of limestone above, (b) the sulphurbearing zone composed chiefly of limestone and grading below into (c) a thick deposit of barren anhydrite. The sulphur is secondary and later than the limestone and anhydrite. The sulphur is mined by the Frasch process in which superheated water is pumped down through a drilled well; the melted sulphur is collected at the bottom of the well and pumped to the surface by an air lift. A review is given of the possible reactions for the formation of the sulphur. On account of the lack of extensive drilling, little is known about flanks of the dome, a small amount of oil was produced in the early days, mostly from the top of the cap.

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Contents

AAPG Special Publication

Geology of Salt Dome Oil Fields

E. DeGolyer
E. DeGolyer
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W. A. J. M. Van Waterschoot Van Der Gracht
W. A. J. M. Van Waterschoot Van Der Gracht
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Marcus I. Goldman
Marcus I. Goldman
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I. P. Voiteşti
I. P. Voiteşti
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S. L. Mason
S. L. Mason
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Hans Stille
Hans Stille
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Donald C. Barton
Donald C. Barton
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Sidney Powers
Sidney Powers
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W. C. Spooner
W. C. Spooner
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David Donoghue
David Donoghue
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Francis Edward Vaughan
Francis Edward Vaughan
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R. H. Goodrich
R. H. Goodrich
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Lyman C. Reed
Lyman C. Reed
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P. K. Kelley
P. K. Kelley
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H. E. Minor
H. E. Minor
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Roland B. Paxton
Roland B. Paxton
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A. S. Henley
A. S. Henley
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John R. Suman
John R. Suman
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George Sawtelle
George Sawtelle
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George M. Bevier
George M. Bevier
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W. F. Bowman
W. F. Bowman
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Alexander Deussen
Alexander Deussen
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Laura Lee Lane
Laura Lee Lane
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D. S. Hager
D. S. Hager
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E. Stiles
E. Stiles
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Paul L. Applin
Paul L. Applin
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William Kennedy
William Kennedy
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Albert G. Wolf
Albert G. Wolf
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Ben C. Belt
Ben C. Belt
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W. F. Henniger
W. F. Henniger
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Raymond C. Moore
Raymond C. Moore
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Wallace E. Pratt
Wallace E. Pratt
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Donald C. Barton
Donald C. Barton
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Alexander Deussen
Alexander Deussen
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J. P. D. Hull
J. P. D. Hull
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American Association of Petroleum Geologists
ISBN electronic:
9781629812601
Publication date:
January 01, 1926

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