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The distribution of the Rumanian oil fields is governed by lines of folding related to the major Carpathian overthrust faulting. Along these lines of folding, the production tends to focus around salt masses that form local “highs.” The source of the salt is unknown. Its rise is due to lateral pressure. The source of the oil is disputed, but the writer believes that it is Pliocene.

A comparison of these fields with those of the American Gulf Coast region shows that, although there are some resemblances which may indicate the action of like causes to a limited extent, the dissimilarities are greater. The lateral pressure, which is proved for Rumania, cannot be accepted as the entire, or even as the major, cause of the American domes.

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