I. P. Voiteşti, 1926. "Geology of the Salt Domes in the Carpathian Region of Rumania", Geology of Salt Dome Oil Fields, E. DeGolyer, W. A. J. M. Van Waterschoot Van Der Gracht, Marcus I. Goldman, I. P. Voiteşti, S. L. Mason, Hans Stille, Donald C. Barton, Sidney Powers, W. C. Spooner, David Donoghue, Francis Edward Vaughan, R. H. Goodrich, Lyman C. Reed, P. K. Kelley, H. E. Minor, Roland B. Paxton, A. S. Henley, John R. Suman, George Sawtelle, George M. Bevier, W. F. Bowman, Alexander Deussen, Laura Lee Lane, D. S. Hager, E. Stiles, Paul L. Applin, William Kennedy, Albert G. Wolf, Ben C. Belt, W. F. Henniger, Raymond C. Moore, Wallace E. Pratt, Donald C. Barton, Alexander Deussen, J. P. D. Hull
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The Rumanian salt domes are confined to the axial portions of sharp anticlinal folds and fracture zones which affect the sedimentary rocks of the region. The anticlines are aligned with the Carpathian axes. Intrusion of the salt has been accompanied by intrusion of thick masses of breccia composed of sedimentary and some igneous rocks of all ages, including types of rock unknown beneath these portions of the mountains. Both salt and breccia have been thrust upward in diaper manner and even overthrust with sharp, recumbent crests.
The author believes that the salt in the Rumanian domes cannot be of Miocene age, as has been previously contended, and he argues that the original salt beds from which salt domes have formed, not only in Rumania but universally, are products of the evaporation of the earliest lakes and shallow seas to form on the surface of the primitive earth. These waters were rich in chlorides and other salts taken into solution from the heated rocks of the earth's crust and condensed from the heavy blanket of the earth's atmosphere. Part of the immense quantity of salt deposited in this manner was re-dissolved in the permanent oceans, but after these had become saturated, the main part of the salt deposit remained, to be covered by the first muds laid down on primitive sea floors. They were thus protected until movement and pressure squeezed the salt upward as salt plugs. The intrusion of the Rumanian salt plugs is late Pliocene or early Pleistocene.
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Geology of Salt Dome Oil Fields
Coming from an AAPG meeting in 1924, this volume strives to present a comprehensive picture of American salt domes, and to collect and record in permanent form the infirmation that has accumulated during twenty years of exploration for petroleum around the salt domes of the Gulf coastal plain. The plan for the volume included a brief, accurate description of each of the known salt domes. Although the list is not yet quite complete, the facts concerning a number of typical salt domes are presented with sufficient detail to portray +adequately the true nature of this remarkable type of geologic structure. Along with these descriptive papers, and based largely on the data contained in them, are several theoretical and interpretative studies, together, also, with some discussion of European salt domes.