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Geology of the Salt Domes in the Carpathian Region of Rumania

By
I. P. Voiteşti
I. P. Voiteşti
University of Cluj, Rumania
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Published:
January 01, 1926

Abstract

The Rumanian salt domes are confined to the axial portions of sharp anticlinal folds and fracture zones which affect the sedimentary rocks of the region. The anticlines are aligned with the Carpathian axes. Intrusion of the salt has been accompanied by intrusion of thick masses of breccia composed of sedimentary and some igneous rocks of all ages, including types of rock unknown beneath these portions of the mountains. Both salt and breccia have been thrust upward in diaper manner and even overthrust with sharp, recumbent crests.

The author believes that the salt in the Rumanian domes cannot be of Miocene age, as has been previously contended, and he argues that the original salt beds from which salt domes have formed, not only in Rumania but universally, are products of the evaporation of the earliest lakes and shallow seas to form on the surface of the primitive earth. These waters were rich in chlorides and other salts taken into solution from the heated rocks of the earth's crust and condensed from the heavy blanket of the earth's atmosphere. Part of the immense quantity of salt deposited in this manner was re-dissolved in the permanent oceans, but after these had become saturated, the main part of the salt deposit remained, to be covered by the first muds laid down on primitive sea floors. They were thus protected until movement and pressure squeezed the salt upward as salt plugs. The intrusion of the Rumanian salt plugs is late Pliocene or early Pleistocene.

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Contents

AAPG Special Publication

Geology of Salt Dome Oil Fields

E. DeGolyer
E. DeGolyer
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W. A. J. M. Van Waterschoot Van Der Gracht
W. A. J. M. Van Waterschoot Van Der Gracht
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Marcus I. Goldman
Marcus I. Goldman
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I. P. Voiteşti
I. P. Voiteşti
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S. L. Mason
S. L. Mason
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Hans Stille
Hans Stille
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Donald C. Barton
Donald C. Barton
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Sidney Powers
Sidney Powers
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W. C. Spooner
W. C. Spooner
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David Donoghue
David Donoghue
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Francis Edward Vaughan
Francis Edward Vaughan
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R. H. Goodrich
R. H. Goodrich
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Lyman C. Reed
Lyman C. Reed
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P. K. Kelley
P. K. Kelley
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H. E. Minor
H. E. Minor
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Roland B. Paxton
Roland B. Paxton
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A. S. Henley
A. S. Henley
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John R. Suman
John R. Suman
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George Sawtelle
George Sawtelle
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George M. Bevier
George M. Bevier
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W. F. Bowman
W. F. Bowman
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Alexander Deussen
Alexander Deussen
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Laura Lee Lane
Laura Lee Lane
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D. S. Hager
D. S. Hager
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E. Stiles
E. Stiles
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Paul L. Applin
Paul L. Applin
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William Kennedy
William Kennedy
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Albert G. Wolf
Albert G. Wolf
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Ben C. Belt
Ben C. Belt
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W. F. Henniger
W. F. Henniger
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Raymond C. Moore
Raymond C. Moore
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Wallace E. Pratt
Wallace E. Pratt
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Donald C. Barton
Donald C. Barton
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Alexander Deussen
Alexander Deussen
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J. P. D. Hull
J. P. D. Hull
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American Association of Petroleum Geologists
ISBN electronic:
9781629812601
Publication date:
January 01, 1926

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