Cabin Creek Field, West Virginia1
The Cabin Creek field is located in central West Virginia, 20 miles southeast of Charleston, on the Allegheny Plateau. It is owned and operated almost entirely by The Pure Oil Company, and is, therefore, an excellent example of unit operation. The pool is strictly a monoclinal accumulation close to the axis of a syncline. Production comes from the thickened lensed portion of the lower part of the Berea sand found at depths from 2,700 to 3,200 feet. The lens extends parallel with the synclinal axis, over an area 12 miles long by i mile wide. There is no water in the Berea sand, and, therefore, the accumulation is by gravity, the oil occupying the lens as far down the slope as the pay lens exists, with gas extending up the slope about one mile northwest of the oil field. The field has been developed since 1914 to the extent of 300 wells, but the known producing area is only a little more than half drilled. The average gravity of the oil is 470 Be., and is remarkable for its lubricating quality.
Figures & Tables
Modern petroleum geology in the United States had its beginning in the first decade of the 20th Century when the U.S. Geological Survey began mapping the structure of the rocks in and near old fields in order to discover the various types of structural conditions under which oil and gas are trapped. Structural geology has evolved as a branch of the broader science far more rapidly than have methods of mapping the attitude of rocks at the surface. This volume, published in the late 1920s, was designed to afford authoritative and modern descriptions of the structure of typical oil fields in the United States. Each of the 30 fields contained here is described by an author who is intimately familiar with the available data. The relationship of structure at the surface and at depth for different terranes is clearly set forth wherever the strata are not parallel. Fields include: McKittrick, California; Fairport, Kansas; Urania, Louisiana; Artesia, New Mexico; Burbank, Oklahoma; Cabin Creek, West Virginia; and Luling, Texas.