Exploration and Production in Canadian Arctic Archipelago1
Published:January 01, 1973
The Canadian Arctic Archipelago includes all islands north of the Canadian mainland and west of Greenland, extending north from the mainland a distance of 1,400 mi (2,255 km) and having a maximum east-west extent of approximately 1,500 mi (2,415 km). The climate is characterized by long cold winters, short cool summers, and very low precipitation.The remote location, the dearth of permanent settlements and service facilities, and the extremely harsh climate pose many problems for those engaged in exploration work and will contribute peculiar difficulties for future exploitation of the area's immense mineral resources.
There are unusual problems which have been or will be encountered when operating in the Arctic, but techniques have been developed to overcome them. Despite these adverse factors, it appears that the potential rewards of Arctic exploration are commensurate with the risks.
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Following the discovery of Prudhoe Bay oil field in 1968, much attention was turned to the Arctic in the search for giant hydrocarbon accumulations. The Soviets had already proved giant reserves in their West Siberian Basin, and exploration was moving ahead quickly in the Canadian Arctic. Plans were drawn up for an AAPG Symposium on Arctic Geology and held in February 1971. Papers were selected from the Symposium for this publication and cover seven topical groupings: Regional Arctic Geology of Canada, Regional Arctic Geology of the Nordic Countries, Regional Arctic Geology of the USSR, Regional Arctic Geology of Alaska, Comparisons in the North Atlantic Borders, Evolution of the Arctic Ocean Basin, and Economics of Petroleum Exploration and Production in the Arctic.