Three geochrons are distinguished: (1) Protogey (before 1,600 m.y.), (2) Mesogey (1,600-600 m.y.), and (3) Neogey (younger than 600-550 m.y.).
Within the Aldan and Sino-Korean shields, the oldest volcanic regions and primary uplifts (e.g., Yendyr') are present. After consolidation of the early Archean mobile regions in the protogeosynclines, the Stanovoy fold system formed. Later, around 1,900-1,800 m.y. ago, a gigantic collapse (Einbruch) took place. During the last 300 m.y. of the Protogey geochron, large basins developed.
During the 1,000 m.y. that composed the Mesogey geochron, a calm, catastable regime predominated. At the beginning and at the end of the Mesogey, volcanicactivity wasintense(El'getevolcanism).
Five stages of the Neogey geochron are distinguished: (1) early Paleozoic, during which broad geosynclines, filled mainly with terrigenous and carbonate sediments, and late Baykalian structures associated with broad granitoid magmatism formed; (2) middle Paleozoic, during which thick eugeosynclinal and miogeosynclinal sequences subsided; (3) late Paleozoic, during which subsidence continued and the Mongolo-Okhotsk, Sikhote-Alin, and Nippon (Japan) systems were rebuilt; (4) Mesozoic—especially significant in the eastern USSR—during which various types of mobile regions and systems developed (Verkhoyansk and Chukotsk géosynclinal systems, Mongolo-Okhotsk system, Selengino-Yablonovyy and Stanovoy regions of mountain uplift and block faulting and formation of the Jurassic-Cretaceous rift basin; the Chugoku, Eastern Sikhote-Alin, Okhotsk-Chukotsk, and Nunivak [Alaska] volcanic belts; and the Simanto orthogeosynclinal belt); (5) Cenozoic, during which intense mountain building was accompanied by evolution of intermontane basins on continents and formation of systems of island arcs in a transitional region of continent-ocean (Kuril-Kamchatka and Aleutian systems). During this time, an accelerated rate of tectonic processes apparently existed.
Figures & Tables
Following the discovery of Prudhoe Bay oil field in 1968, much attention was turned to the Arctic in the search for giant hydrocarbon accumulations. The Soviets had already proved giant reserves in their West Siberian Basin, and exploration was moving ahead quickly in the Canadian Arctic. Plans were drawn up for an AAPG Symposium on Arctic Geology and held in February 1971. Papers were selected from the Symposium for this publication and cover seven topical groupings: Regional Arctic Geology of Canada, Regional Arctic Geology of the Nordic Countries, Regional Arctic Geology of the USSR, Regional Arctic Geology of Alaska, Comparisons in the North Atlantic Borders, Evolution of the Arctic Ocean Basin, and Economics of Petroleum Exploration and Production in the Arctic.