Lithospheric Flexure as Shown by Deformation of Glacial Lake Shorelines in Southern British Columbia
R. J. Fulton, R. I. Walcott, 1975. "Lithospheric Flexure as Shown by Deformation of Glacial Lake Shorelines in Southern British Columbia", Quantitative Studies in the Geological Sciences, E. H. Timothy Whitten
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Glacial lakes occupied many valleys in southern British Columbia during retreat of Fraser Glaciation ice. The strandline deformation that has taken place in response to removal of the ice load provides a clue to the flexural properties of the lithosphere. Surfaces fitted to four strandlines of former glacial lakes are tilted from 2.5 to 1.6 m per km, with the best documented section of strandline having a tilt of 1.8 m per km for an average slope of 0.0018. The Algonquin strandline, one of the most strongly developed proglacial strandlines of the Great Lakes area has an average slope of 0.0010. The wavelength of flexure for the Algonquin strandline is 2 π 180 km, and the indicated lithospheric thickness is about 110 km. If the Cordilleran ice load were the same as the Laurentide load, which caused deformation of the Algonquin strandline, a wavelength of flexure of 2 π 100 km and a lithospheric thickness of about 50 km would be required to explain the greater Cordilleran deformation. But the Cordilleran ice load was probably only half that of the Laurentide area; so the lithosphere of the southern Canadian Cordillera apparently has a flexural parameter of about 50 km and a thickness of about 20 km.