Skip to Main Content
Book Chapter

Carbonate Borers—Their Role in Reef Ecology and Preservation1

By
John E. Warme
John E. Warme
Search for other works by this author on:
Published:
January 01, 1977

Abstract

Studies of both modern and ancient reefs may benefit from focus not only on processes of reef construction and growth, but also on processes of their destruction and/or preservation.

Marine borers play an important role in the ecology of living reefs and associated habitats, and in the sedimentologic history of ancient reefs and reef-associated facies. Carbonate substrates of all kinds exposed on the shallow seabed are converted rapidly by borers into mud- and sand-size or coarser debris. Coral skeletons particularly are affected, with bioerosion commencing on the older parts of living skeletons and ceasing only if the substrates are buried, completely encrusted, or otherwise removed from reach of the borers.

Carbonate materials of living reefs are fixed, altered, and lost owing to processes that are both organic (skeletal precipitation, incrustation, boring) and inorganic (void-sedimentation, cementation). The difficulties or impracticalities of accurately delimiting the relative importance of these processes to calculate total carbonate budgets on modern reefs, and especially on ancient ones, can be met, in part, by careful inspection of small samples. Such samples commonly show that episodes of framework growth, incrustation, sedimentation, and cementation exhibit continuous or sporadic boring that may account for loss of most or all of the original framework although there is no loss in “reef” mass.

You do not currently have access to this article.

Figures & Tables

Contents

AAPG Studies in Geology

Reefs and Related Carbonates—Ecology and Sedimentology

Stanley H. Frost
Stanley H. Frost
Search for other works by this author on:
;
Malcolm P. Weiss
Malcolm P. Weiss
Search for other works by this author on:
;
John B. Saunders
John B. Saunders
Search for other works by this author on:
American Association of Petroleum Geologists
Volume
4
ISBN electronic:
9781629812076
Publication date:
January 01, 1977

GeoRef

References

Related

Citing Books via

Close Modal
This Feature Is Available To Subscribers Only

Sign In or Create an Account

Close Modal
Close Modal