Selecting Coal Exploration Targets in the West Pacific1
Some basic requirements for defining coal targets include a search of the literature, knowledge of regional geology and coal environments, and an understanding of coal petrography with respect to marketing. Although literature on west Pacific coal resources is sparse, a search could provide better reserve estimates which might contribute to increased interest in coal exploration. The coal-forming environments of the west Pacific are associated with Tertiary and Holocene active island arcs. Different grades of coal are formed in different environments. Landsat imagery has been used in the selection of coal targets, and has been especially useful in areas where access is difficult. Petrologically, the coals found in the Pacific are suitable for power generation, coke production, and for conversion to liquid and gaseous hydrocarbons. Potential exists for both opencut and underground mining operations.
Figures & Tables
The energy and mineral resources of the vast Pacific basin and its neighboring land areas play a vital role in meeting the ever-growing needs of society worldwide. Building on the foundation of a highly successful conference held in 1978, this volume contains 51 of the 135 papers presented there. Subjects included are general and specific in nature--oil, gas, and coal resources; geothermal fields, uranium; tin; evaporites, trace elements; water resources; magma energy and fuels from magma. Geological and geophysical techniques, and also the new tool of remote sending for petroleum and minerals exploration are represented. Tectonics, structure fundamentals, subsurface hazards, international treaties and the law of the deep sea are discussed. Seventeen countries and regions are represented in these papers: Thailand, Nicaragua, the United States, Japan, Peru, Antarctica, El Salvador, Australia, Mexico, Taiwan, New Zealand, China, Chile, Indonesia, Canada, and the Pacific Ocean.