To date, geologists and geophysicists have made little effort to purposefully search for the subtle traps—stratigraphic, unconformity, or paleogeomorphic—because of (1) motivation to continue looking for structures which can be found with present-day tools and ideas, and (2) the pressure exerted on explorationists by their knowledge that exploration of anticlines, domes, and fault structures is more acceptable to management. As a result, our domestic exploratory successes during the past decades have been declining not only in number of fields found annually but also in quality or economic worth.
Hidden trends may occur below unconformities, at undrilled depths in productive trends, and in relatively unexplored regions. Hidden features may be ancestral anticlines and domes, faults, stratigraphic traps, and buried geomorphic features. The differences between these hidden and the obvious features is that the former are not obvious to present-day exploratory methods and thinking. Many of these probably can now be found, but only if we point our methods and thinking toward them, not around them.
The time has come when domestic explorationists must make a turn in the direction of purposefully looking for the obscure trap. The large domestic reserves required for the future are contained in hidden trends and features. If we are to succeed in finding them, geologists and geophysicists, and equally management, will have to place greater emphasis on the deliberate search for the subtle trap. In this search, emphasis must be placed on detailed study and research of stratigraphy, paleogeomorphology, paleogeography, paleostructure, paleontology, and palynology.
Figures & Tables
The papers included in this volume reflect both the geological and geophysical rationale used in searching for the subtle trap. The scope of the papers ranges from the general appraisal papers of new concepts and methods, to those relating to specific fields in the United States, Nigeria, China, Australia, Canada, Oman, offshore Spain, and the North Sea. The 21 chapters are sourced from a 1981 AAPG Annual Meeting session, dedicated to providing explorationists with the information needed to search for and discover the stratigraphic, paleogeomorphic, and unconformity-oriented subtle-trap accumulations of oil and gas.