Fault Techniques: Analyzing Normal Faults
1984. "Fault Techniques: Analyzing Normal Faults", Structural and Depositional Styles of Gulf Coast Tertiary Continental Margins: Application to Hydrocarbon Exploration, Martin P.A. Jackson, William E. Galloway
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Where large commercial investments are at stake, it is essential that geologic deductions be as soundly based as possible. For example, many fault traces are drawn on seismic sections solely on the basis of the viewer's perception of the geometry of events that can often be interpreted in more than one way. The geologist should be aware of what fault patterns are realistic, and what are mechanically or geometrically improbable. The following methods and principles assist in:
Making geologically realistic interpretations in seismic profiles and cross sections based on well data.
Calculating unknown variables such as extension, fault dip, fault throw and shape, and depth to sole out if some of these variables are known.
Restoring a cross section to its original (predeformed) state by palinspastic reconstruction.
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Structural and Depositional Styles of Gulf Coast Tertiary Continental Margins: Application to Hydrocarbon Exploration
The structure and genetic stratigraphy of the Gulf of Mexico continental margin are inextricably intertwined. As hydrocarbon exploration and exploitation advance into the deeply buried Tertiary basin fill, interpretation of the complex depositional and structural styles of the outer shelf and upper slope setting will increasingly challenge the interpreter. This publication provides a coherent summary of the key concepts, models, and tools that are needed to meet this exploration challenge, and includes chapters on: basic principles, submarine slope systems, models of growth faults, mechanics of diapir growth, petroleum traps, and techniques on analyzing normal faults and balancing cross sections with extended strata.