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In multichannel seismic reflection record sections, clear imaging is accomplished largely by processing. The data acquired across ocean trenches, where water is from 5 to 8 km deep, the sea floor is irregular, and the geology is complex, must be processed with procedures not commonly used on data from the adjacent continental shelf. We have experimented to develop better processing with data from the eastern Aleutian Trench. One record is used here to illustrate the improvement possible. It contains a complex faulted fold at the base of the slope, and processing is made difficult by the opposing dips of faults and by the changing vergence of folds (Figure 2.1). Careful velocity analysis and a special processing sequence are needed to image the velocity-sensitive areas of these data. In our experience, clear imaging of complex structures is assured only when each step in the processing sequence is accompanied by an appropriate level of velocity analysis. Here we show the difference in imaging a complex structure in the spectrum between first-level or production processing and research-level processing.

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