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Improvement of Seismic Images of Complex Tectonic Structure in Deep Water with Research-Level Processing Sequences

By
John Miller
John Miller
U.S. Geological Survey Denver, Colorado
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Roland von Huene
Roland von Huene
U.S. Geological Survey Menlo Park, California
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Published:
January 01, 1986

Abstract

In multichannel seismic reflection record sections, clear imaging is accomplished largely by processing. The data acquired across ocean trenches, where water is from 5 to 8 km deep, the sea floor is irregular, and the geology is complex, must be processed with procedures not commonly used on data from the adjacent continental shelf. We have experimented to develop better processing with data from the eastern Aleutian Trench. One record is used here to illustrate the improvement possible. It contains a complex faulted fold at the base of the slope, and processing is made difficult by the opposing dips of faults and by the changing vergence of folds (Figure 2.1). Careful velocity analysis and a special processing sequence are needed to image the velocity-sensitive areas of these data. In our experience, clear imaging of complex structures is assured only when each step in the processing sequence is accompanied by an appropriate level of velocity analysis. Here we show the difference in imaging a complex structure in the spectrum between first-level or production processing and research-level processing.

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Contents

AAPG Studies in Geology

Seismic Images of Modern Convergent Margin Tectonic Structure

Roland von Huene
Roland von Huene
U.S. Geological Survey Menlo Park, California
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Susan Vath
Susan Vath
U.S. Geological Survey Menlo Park, California
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Christine Sperber
Christine Sperber
U.S. Geological Survey Menlo Park, California
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Bridgett Fulop
Bridgett Fulop
U.S. Geological Survey Menlo Park, California
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Lee Bailey
Lee Bailey
U.S. Geological Survey Menlo Park, California
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Monique Martin
Monique Martin
U.S. Geological Survey Menlo Park, California
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American Association of Petroleum Geologists
Volume
26
ISBN electronic:
9781629811499
Publication date:
January 01, 1986

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