A novel application of time-reversed acoustics: Salt-dome flank imaging using walkaway VSP surveys
Mark E. Willis, Rongrong Lu, Xander Campman, M. Nafi Toksöz, Yang Zhang, Maarten V. de Hoop, 2008. "A novel application of time-reversed acoustics: Salt-dome flank imaging using walkaway VSP surveys", Seismic Interferometry: History and Present Status, Kees Wapenaar, Deyan Draganov, Johan O.A. Robertsson
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In this paper we present initial results of applying Time-Reversed Acoustics (TRA) technology to salt- dome flank, seismic imaging. We created a set of syn’thetic traces representing a multilevel, walkaway VSP for a model composed of a simplified Gulf of Mexico vertical-velocity gradient and an embedded salt dome. We first applied the concepts of TRA to the synthetic traces to create a set of redatummed traces without hav’ing to perform velocity analysis, moveout corrections, or complicated processing. Each redatummed trace ap’proximates the output of a zero-offset, downhole source and receiver pair. To produce the final salt-dome flank image, we then applied conventional, poststack, depth migration to the zero-offset section. Our results show a very good image of the salt when compared to an image derived using data from a downhole, zero-offset source and receiver pairs. The simplicity of our TRA implementation provides a virtually automated method to estimate a zero-offset, seismic section as if it had been collected from the reference frame of the borehole containing the VSP survey.