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Book Chapter

Salt-flank delineation by interferometric imaging of transmitted P- to S-waves

By
Xiang Xiao
Xiang Xiao
1
University of Utah, Department of Geology and Geophysics, 135 S. 1460 East, Room 719, Salt Lake City, Utah 84112. E-mail: xxiao@mines.utah.edu; mzhou04@hotmail.com; schuster@mines.utah.edu.
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Min Zhou
Min Zhou
1
University of Utah, Department of Geology and Geophysics, 135 S. 1460 East, Room 719, Salt Lake City, Utah 84112. E-mail: xxiao@mines.utah.edu; mzhou04@hotmail.com; schuster@mines.utah.edu.
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Gerard T. Schuster
Gerard T. Schuster
1
University of Utah, Department of Geology and Geophysics, 135 S. 1460 East, Room 719, Salt Lake City, Utah 84112. E-mail: xxiao@mines.utah.edu; mzhou04@hotmail.com; schuster@mines.utah.edu.
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Published:
January 01, 2008

Abstract

We describe how vertical seismic profile (VSP) interferometric imaging of transmitted P-to-S (PS) waves can be used to delineate the flanks of salt bodies. Unlike traditional migration methods, interferometric PS imaging does not require the migration velocity model of the salt and/or upper sediments in order to image the salt flank. Synthetic elastic examples show that PS interferometric imaging can clearly delin-eate the upper and lower boundaries of a realistic salt-body model. Results also show that PS interferometric imaging is noticeably more accurate than conventional migration methods in the presence of static shifts and/or migration velocity errors. However, the illumination area of the PS transmitted waves is limited by the width of the shot and geophone aperture, which means wide shot offsets and deeper receiver wells are needed for comprehensive salt-flank imaging. Interfero-metric imaging results for VSP data from the Gulf of Mexico demonstrate its superiority over the traditional migration method. We also discuss other arrivals that can be used for in-terferometric imaging of salt flanks. For comparison, reduced-time migration results are presented, which are similar in quality to those obtained for interferometric imaging. We conclude that PS interferometric imaging of VSP data provides the geophysicist with a new tool by which salt flanks can be viewed from both above and below VSP geophone locations.

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Contents

Society of Exploration Geophysicists Geophysics Reprint Series

Seismic Interferometry: History and Present Status

Kees Wapenaar
Kees Wapenaar
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Deyan Draganov
Deyan Draganov
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Johan O.A. Robertsson
Johan O.A. Robertsson
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Society of Exploration Geophysicists
Volume
26
ISBN electronic:
9781560801924
Publication date:
January 01, 2008

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