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Book Chapter

Redatuming

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Published:
January 01, 2008

Abstract

An interferometric form of Fermat’s principle is derived that allows for high-resolution estimation of the velocity distribution between deep interfaces. The data consist of reflection traveltimes from two deeply buried interfaces A and B recorded by sources and caused by receivers at the surface. Fermat’s interferometric principle is then used to kinematically redatum the surface sources and receivers to interface A so that the associated reflection times correspond to localized transit times between the A and B interfaces. The velocity model above interface A does not need to be known, so the distorting effects of the overburden and statics are eliminated by this target-oriented approach. Interferometric target-oriented tomography promises to enhance the resolution of whole-earth and exploration tomograms.

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Contents

Society of Exploration Geophysicists Geophysics Reprint Series

Seismic Interferometry: History and Present Status

Kees Wapenaar
Kees Wapenaar
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Deyan Draganov
Deyan Draganov
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Johan O.A. Robertsson
Johan O.A. Robertsson
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Society of Exploration Geophysicists
Volume
26
ISBN electronic:
9781560801924
Publication date:
January 01, 2008

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