Consistency of the spatial autocorrelation methodwith seismic interferometry and its consequence
Toshiaki Yokoi, Sos Margaryan, 2008. "Consistency of the spatial autocorrelation methodwith seismic interferometry and its consequence", Seismic Interferometry: History and Present Status, Kees Wapenaar, Deyan Draganov, Johan O.A. Robertsson
Download citation file:
We have cross-checked the conventional theory of the spatial autocorrelation method and the consequence of seismic interferometry: the retrieval of the elastodynamic Green’s function. Their mutual consistency is almost complete. The basic formulas of the conventional spatial autocorrelation theory can be derived by an alternative approach based on the retrieval of the elastodynamic Green’s function. The only discrepancy is found with the average of the complex coherence function over azimuth in a wavefield dependent on azimuth. It is hypothesized, in discussion, that this discrepancy is due to the way of representing the wavefield in the background theory of seismic interferometry that can produce only wavefields moderately dependent on azimuth and that the mentioned consequence of seismic interferometry can also only make sense in a wavefield moderately dependent on azimuth.
Our field experiment with a wavefield dependent on azimuth showed that the consequence of seismic interferometry in the logical framework of the conventional spatial autocorrelation theory is appropriate under such degrees of approximation as the measure proposed in this study, i.e., the deviation of the total dispersion curves is between about 10 and 16 per cent at the maximum from those averaged over azimuth.
The acceptance of the retrieval of Green’s function gives a proper physical meaning to the complex coherence function: the real part of the elastodynamic Green’s function normalized by its zero-offset version. This makes it possible to take a deterministic approach rather than the statistical one on which the conventional spatial autocorrelation method is based and gives fruitful new aspects and perspectives. For example, the formula for the multi-mode case is given and the possibility of exploration of two or three dimensional velocity structures is suggested.