Roel Snieder, 2008. "Extracting the Green’s function of attenuating heterogeneous acoustic media from uncorrelated waves", Seismic Interferometry: History and Present Status, Kees Wapenaar, Deyan Draganov, Johan O.A. Robertsson
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The Green’s function of acoustic or elastic wave propagation can, for loss-less media, be retrieved by correlating the wave field that is excited by random sources and is recorded at two locations. Here the generalization of this idea to attenuating acoustic waves in an inhomogeneous medium is addressed, and it is shown that the Green’s function can be retrieved from waves that are excited throughout the volume by spatially uncorrelated injection sources with a power spectrum that is proportional to the local dissipation rate. For a finite volume, one needs both volume sources and sources at the bounding surface for the extraction of the Green’s functions. For the special case of a homogeneous attenuating medium defined over a finite volume, the phase and geometrical spreading of the Green’s function is correctly retrieved when the volume sources are ignored, but the attenuation is not. © 2007 Acoustical Society of America. [DOI: 10.1121/1.2713673].