Skip to Main Content
Book Chapter

Chapter 14. Seismic Data Acquisition: Recent advances in optimized geophysical survey design

By
Hansruedi Maurer
Hansruedi Maurer
1ETH Zürich, Zürich, Switzerland. E-mail: maurer@aug.ig.erdw.ethz.ch.
Search for other works by this author on:
Andrew Curtis
Andrew Curtis
2University of Edinburgh, School of GeoSciences, Grant Institute, Edinburgh, U. K. E-mail: andrew.curtis@ed.ac.uk.
Search for other works by this author on:
David E. Boerner
David E. Boerner
3Geological Survey of Canada, Ottawa, Canada. E-mail: dboerner@nrcan.gc.ca.
Search for other works by this author on:
Published:
January 01, 2010

Abstract

Survey design ultimately dictates the quality of subsurface information provided by practical implementations of geophysical methods. It is therefore critical to design experimental procedures that cost effectively produce those data that maximize the desired information. This review cites recent advances in statistical experimental design techniques applied in the earth sciences. Examples from geoelectrical, crosswell and surface seismic, and microseismic monitoring methods are included. Using overdetermined 1D and 2D geoelectrical examples, a minor subset of judiciously chosen measurements provides a large percentage of the information content theoretically offered by the geoelectrical method. In contrast, an underdetermined 2D seismic traveltime tomography design study indicates that the information content increases almost linearly with the amount of traveltime data (source-receiver pairs) considered until the underdeterminancy is reduced substantially. An experimental design study of frequency-domain seismic-waveform inversion experiments reveals that a few optimally chosen frequencies offer as much subsurface information as the full bandwidth. A nonlinear experimental design for a seismic amplitude-versusangle survey identifies those incidence angles most important for characterizing a reservoir. A nonlinear design example shows that designing microseismic monitoring surveys based on array aperture is a poor strategy that almost certainly leads to suboptimal designs.

You do not currently have access to this article.
Don't already have an account? Register

Figures & Tables

Contents

Geophysical References Series

Geophysics Today: A Survey of the Field as the Journal Celebrates its 75th Anniversary

Sergey Fomel
Sergey Fomel
Search for other works by this author on:
Society of Exploration Geophysicists
Volume
16
ISBN electronic:
9781560802273
Publication date:
January 01, 2010

GeoRef

References

Related

A comprehensive resource of eBooks for researchers in the Earth Sciences

Close Modal
This Feature Is Available To Subscribers Only

Sign In or Create an Account

Close Modal
Close Modal