Chapter 14. Seismic Data Acquisition: Recent advances in optimized geophysical survey design
Hansruedi Maurer, Andrew Curtis, David E. Boerner, 2010. "Chapter 14. Seismic Data Acquisition: Recent advances in optimized geophysical survey design", Geophysics Today: A Survey of the Field as the Journal Celebrates its 75th Anniversary, Sergey Fomel
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Survey design ultimately dictates the quality of subsurface information provided by practical implementations of geophysical methods. It is therefore critical to design experimental procedures that cost effectively produce those data that maximize the desired information. This review cites recent advances in statistical experimental design techniques applied in the earth sciences. Examples from geoelectrical, crosswell and surface seismic, and microseismic monitoring methods are included. Using overdetermined 1D and 2D geoelectrical examples, a minor subset of judiciously chosen measurements provides a large percentage of the information content theoretically offered by the geoelectrical method. In contrast, an underdetermined 2D seismic traveltime tomography design study indicates that the information content increases almost linearly with the amount of traveltime data (source-receiver pairs) considered until the underdeterminancy is reduced substantially. An experimental design study of frequency-domain seismic-waveform inversion experiments reveals that a few optimally chosen frequencies offer as much subsurface information as the full bandwidth. A nonlinear experimental design for a seismic amplitude-versusangle survey identifies those incidence angles most important for characterizing a reservoir. A nonlinear design example shows that designing microseismic monitoring surveys based on array aperture is a poor strategy that almost certainly leads to suboptimal designs.
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“In celebration of the 75th year of publication, the Geophysics editorial team invited a collection of papers written by well-recognized experts in various areas of exploration geophysics. These invited papers not only form part of the present book, but they also appear in the September-October 2010 special section of the journal. Geophysics Today: A Survey of the Field as the Journal Celebrates its 75th Anniversary complements this special section with an additional group of papers, drawn from Geophysics during the recent past, that addresses areas the invited articles did not. The result is a snapshot of the state-ofthe- art in the field as Geophysics passes its three-quarter-century mark. This book is Geophysical References Series No. 16.”