Magnetic Exploration Methods: 75th Anniversary: The historical development of the magnetic method in exploration
M. N. Nabighian, V. J. S. Grauch, R. O. Hansen, T. R. LaFehr, Y. Li, J. W. Peirce, J. D. Phillips, M. E. Ruder, 2010. "Magnetic Exploration Methods: 75th Anniversary: The historical development of the magnetic method in exploration", Geophysics Today: A Survey of the Field as the Journal Celebrates its 75th Anniversary, Sergey Fomel
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The magnetic method, perhaps the oldest of geophysical exploration techniques, blossomed after the advent of airborne surveys in World War II. With improvements in instrumentation, navigation, and platform compensation, it is now possible to map the entire crustal section at a variety of scales, from strongly magnetic basement at regional scale to weakly magnetic sedimentary contacts at local scale. Methods of data filtering, display, and interpretation have also advanced, especially with the availability of low-cost, high-performance personal computers and color raster graphics. The magnetic method is the primary exploration tool in the search for minerals. In other arenas, the magnetic method has evolved from its sole use for mapping basement structure to include a wide range of new applications, such as locating intrasedimentary faults, defining subtle lithologic contacts, mapping salt domes in weakly magnetic sediments, and better defining targets through 3D inversion. These new applications have increased the method’s utility in all realms of exploration — in the search for minerals, oil and gas, geothermal resources, and groundwater, and for a variety of other purposes such as natural hazards assessment, mapping impact structures, and engineering and environmental studies.
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“In celebration of the 75th year of publication, the Geophysics editorial team invited a collection of papers written by well-recognized experts in various areas of exploration geophysics. These invited papers not only form part of the present book, but they also appear in the September-October 2010 special section of the journal. Geophysics Today: A Survey of the Field as the Journal Celebrates its 75th Anniversary complements this special section with an additional group of papers, drawn from Geophysics during the recent past, that addresses areas the invited articles did not. The result is a snapshot of the state-ofthe- art in the field as Geophysics passes its three-quarter-century mark. This book is Geophysical References Series No. 16.”