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Book Chapter

A Modern High-Energy Siliciclastic-Carbonate Platform: Continental Shelf Adjacent to Northern Rio Grande do Norte State, Northeastern Brazil

By
Helenice Vital
Helenice Vital
Geodynamics and Geophysics, Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte State, C.P. 1596 Natal-RN 59072-970, Brazil, e-mail: helenice@geologia.ufrn.br
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Karl Stattegger
Karl Stattegger
Institute of Geociences, Kiel University, Kiel 24118, Germany
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Venerando E. Amaro
Venerando E. Amaro
Geodynamics and Geophysics, Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte State, C.P. 1596 Natal-RN 59072-970, Brazil
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Klaus Schwarzer
Klaus Schwarzer
Institute of Geociences, Kiel University, Kiel 24118, Germany
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Eugênio P. Frazão
Eugênio P. Frazão
Geodynamics and Geophysics, Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte State, C.P. 1596 Natal-RN 59072-970, Brazil
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Werner F. Tabosa
Werner F. Tabosa
Geodynamics and Geophysics, Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte State, C.P. 1596 Natal-RN 59072-970, Brazil
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Iracema M. Silveira
Iracema M. Silveira
Geodynamics and Geophysics, Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte State, C.P. 1596 Natal-RN 59072-970, Brazil
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Published:
January 01, 2008

Abstract

The continental shelf adjacent to the northern coast of Rio Grande do Norte State, northeastern Brazil, represents a modern, highly dynamic mixed siliciclastic-carbonate shelf system developed in shallow water (< 60 m). Sediment dynamic processes are driven by waves, winds, tides, and the west- to northwest-directed North Brazil Current. This high-energy setting is associated with the presence of highly variable seabed features. This paper describes the spatial distribution of the mapped bedforms, in order to relate them to sedimentary processes and physical characteristics of the environment, and to the sedimentary history of this shoreline-shelf system. In a novel approach, the integrated data set presented here includes remote sensing, bathymetric, oceanographic, hydroacoustic, and sedimentologic data supported by diving. In addition, the high-energy mixed siliciclastic-carbonate shelf system contains a different sedimentary inventory than most well-studied siliciclastic or carbonate shelf environments. A variety of bedforms, which range from kilometers to tens of centimeters in scale, is present in the study area. Sediment reworking is accountable for the recent formation and migration of mobile bedforms which are superimposed on older relict structures. The integrated approach led to the identification of six main groups of large-scale bedforms: (I) very large longitudinal dunes, (II) very large transverse dunes, (III) small dunes, (IV) isolated shallow-marine sand bodies, (V) submerged beachrock chains, and (VI) incised-valley systems. The continental shelf off Rio Grande do Norte has experienced regressions and transgressions during the last glacial cycles. Outside the incised valley of the Rio Açu a continuous strong reflector, identified in all boomer profiles, represents the most recent sea-level lowstand surface that separates Pleistocene deposits below from early Holocene deposits above. During the Holocene sea-level rise, at least two beachrock lines formed at 20 m and 10 m of modern water depth.

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Contents

SEPM Special Publication

Recent Advances in Models of Siliciclastic Shallow-Marine Stratigraphy

Gray J. Hampson
Gray J. Hampson
Department of Earth Science and Engineering, Imperial College London, South Kensington Campus, London SW7 2AZ, UK
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Ronald J. Steel
Ronald J. Steel
Department of Geosciences, Jackson School, University of Texas at Austin, Austin, Texas 78712, U.S.A.
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Peter M. Burgess
Peter M. Burgess
Shell International Exploration and Production, Kessler Park 1, P.O. Box 60, 2280 AB Rijswijk, The NetherlandsPresent address: Department of Earth Sciences, Royal Holloway University of London, Egham, Surrey TW20 0EX, UK
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Robert W. Dalrymple
Robert W. Dalrymple
Department of Geological Sciences and Geological Engineering, Queen’s University, Kingston, Ontario K7L 3N6, Canada
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SEPM Society for Sedimentary Geology
Volume
90
ISBN electronic:
9781565763180
Publication date:
January 01, 2008

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