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Book Chapter

The Rise of Sustainability: Changing Public Concerns and Governance Approaches toward Exploration

By
Alistair MacDonald
Alistair MacDonald
Community Research Co-operative, 13 Forrest Park, Yellowknife, NWT, X1A 2V8, Canada
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Ginger Gibson
Ginger Gibson
Mining Engineering Department, 5th Floor, 6350 Stores Road, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, V6T 1Z4, Canada
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Published:
January 01, 2005

Abstract

The risks associated with, geographic locations of, and engagement strategies required by exploration companies have shifted in the last 25 years, largely in response to changing public attitudes and governance approaches. A mixture of growing global environmental consciousness, the rise of international civil society networks, and economic liberalization and government deregulation in the developing world have all played key roles in altering the environment for mineral exploration. Three fundamental tenets of a positive climate for exploration have been altered: access to land, ease and speed of permitting, and the right to mine deposits after discovery. This paper identifies the importance of new stakeholders, including nongovernmental organizations, international financial institutions, and community activist networks; new governance approaches, such as self-regulation, the use of international standards and co-management, and new monitoring and engagement techniques, such as environmental and social impact assessment, thirdparty monitoring, and prior informed consent. The traditional relationship focus between states and corporations has been replaced by constantly evolving relationships among corporations, governments, civil society, and affected communities. Exploration companies, particularly junior companies, must use available tools—early community engagement strategies and available guidance documents from industry associations among them—to adapt themselves to this new focus.

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Contents

Special Publications of the Society of Economic Geologists

Wealth Creation in the Minerals Industry: Integrating Science, Business, and Education

Michael D. Doggett
Michael D. Doggett
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John R. Parry
John R. Parry
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Society of Economic Geologists
Volume
12
ISBN electronic:
9781629490366
Publication date:
January 01, 2005

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