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Abstract

The World Petroleum Basins series provides one more manifestation of the great unifying theory that plate tectonics has provided the science of geology. The concept of grouping descriptions of geology and petroleum systems of similar basins to provide a collection of exploration analogs has been made possible by the development of basin classification schemes built on a plate tectonic framework (Bally and Snelson, 1980). Conversely, particular sedimentary sequences in frontier areas may allow the geologist to infer the basin setting in which deposition took place, allowing for modeling of past tectonic and heat-flow history. Therefore, as Arbenz et al. note in the foreword to each of the volumes in this series, these analogs are designed to provide the explorationist with predictive insights into areas with similar geology. This volume presents examples of the fundamental plate tectonic unit: interior rift basins. Basins discussed in this volume are shown in Figure 1.

Although they are the subject of the last volume in the World Petroleum Basins project, interior rift basins are certainly not least in importance. Rifts represent a portion of an evolutionary sequence of crustal and upper mantle stretching that is responsible for normal faulting resulting from extension, the most commonly occurring structural style (Lowell, 1985). In reaching this conclusion, Lowell included the wide spectrum of extension (and the resulting normal faults) which occurs in oceanic spreading, in passive continental margins (nearly 62,000 mi or 99,750 km), in intraplate rifting (the subject of this volume), and in behind-arc spreading. All of these elements are a part of a sequence that culminates in the formation of ocean basins (Figure 2). Inasmuch as mature extended areas, i.e., passive margins, began with an initial rift phase, one must understand rift mechanisms to unravel a very large portion of the earth's geology. Rift basins occur throughout the geologic record and examples discussed in this volume range from the Paleozoic, through the Mesozoic, and into the Cenozoic (Tertiary).

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