Case Studies Relating Soil-iodine Geochemistry to Subsequent Drilling Results
Jay S. Leaver, M. Ray Thomasson, 2002. "Case Studies Relating Soil-iodine Geochemistry to Subsequent Drilling Results", Surface Exploration Case Histories: Applications of Geoschemistry, Magnetics, and Remote Sensing, Dietmar Schumacher, Leonard A. LeSchack
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One means of evaluating the effectiveness of a surface geochemical method for petroleum exploration is to compare the results of the method used with the drilling success. Four case histories show how one surface geochemistry technique, which measures the concentration of iodine in soils, relates to postsurvey wildcat and development success. The four cases are in separate basins in the onshore U.S.A.: the Denver-Julesburg Basin in Colorado, the Powder River Basin in Wyoming, the Williston Basin in North Dakota, and the Illinois Basin in Illinois. In each case, properly processed soil-iodine data demonstrate a correlation between soil-iodine anomalies and petroleum accumulations.
The distribution of iodine values in the soil is not straightforward. Evidence indicates that some spurious samples may be taken that are not attributable to sampling or laboratory error. A method of defining a soil-iodine anomaly that partially compensates for this effect is presented. This method relies on a moving weighted average of the data, in which substitute values (indicator values) are averaged, rather than the iodine data themselves. The thresholds for the different indicator values are selected from histograms and cumulative-frequency plots.
In the Dolley field area in the Denver-Julesburg Basin, all producers and dry holes are correctly predicted by the iodine method. In the Prairie Creek area in the Powder River Basin, all dry holes and one of two producers are correctly predicted by the method. In the Eland field area in the Williston Basin, all producers are correctly predicted, but three of the four dry holes are on soil-iodine anomalies. In the Springfield East area in the Illinois Basin, all but one dry hole is correctly predicted, but only two of the six producers are correctly predicted. Overall, a correlation between soil-iodine anomalies and hydrocarbon accumulations is strongly indicated by the cases presented in this paper.
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Surface Exploration Case Histories: Applications of Geochemistry, Magnetics, and Remote Sensing provides an overview of successful applications of surface exploration methods. Through a series of independent case histories, this volume presents clearly documented evidence that demonstrates how surface exploration methods can significantly reduce exploration risk and finding costs: geochemical, magnetic, and remote sensing. The 19 chapters in this volume reflect the broad scope of applications for these methods: frontier basin reconnaissance, prospect development, prospect evaluation, and field development and production. The case histories span the globe: 1. North America 2. Africa 3. South America 4. Europe 5. Middle East 6. Australia. This book will interest explorationists and managers who seek to get the most out of each exploration dollar.