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Book Chapter

Petroleum System of the Cuban Northwest Offshore Zone

By
I. Moretti
I. Moretti
Institut Français du Pétrole, Rueil Malmaison, France
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R. Tenreyro
R. Tenreyro
Cuba Petroleo (CUPET), La Habana, Cuba
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E. Linares
E. Linares
Cuba Petroleo (CUPET), La Habana, Cuba
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J. G. Lopez
J. G. Lopez
Cuba Petroleo (CUPET), La Habana, Cuba
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J. Letouzey
J. Letouzey
Institut Français du Pétrole, Rueil Malmaison, France
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C. Magnier
C. Magnier
Institut Français du Pétrole, Rueil Malmaison, France
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F. Gaumet
F. Gaumet
Institut Français du Pétrole, Rueil Malmaison, France
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J. C. Lecomte
J. C. Lecomte
Institut Français du Pétrole, Rueil Malmaison, France
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J. O. Lopez
J. O. Lopez
Cuba Petroleo (CUPET), La Habana, Cuba
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S. Zimine
S. Zimine
Compagnie Générale de Géophysique, Massy, France
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Published:
January 01, 2003

Abstract

In order to quantify the petroleum potential of the northwest offshore zone of Cuba, the source-rock potential has been estimated as well as the maturation level and the possible migration pathways. An interpretation of new seismic lines acquired by Compagnie Générale de Géophysique (CGG) has been coupled with field work and well data synthesis. To better characterize the source rocks, Institut Français du Pétrole’s (IFP) Rock-Eval 6 apparatus was run on about 300 samples, and the analyses have been added to the existing IFP and Cuba Petroleo’s (CUPET) databases. Specific kinetic parameters have been computed and modeling has been performed using both 1-D and 2-D models of maturation and migration processes.

Several source-rock intervals could be defined in the area: (1) synrift clastic Jurassic, (2) deep-basin Upper Jurassic and Lower Cretaceous carbonate formations, and (3) Middle Cretaceous facies, also carbonates. One of the main results of this study is evidence of the potential of a deep petroleum system in the siliciclastic rift sequence. Shales from a Middle Jurassic synrift section initially appear to have good potential, depending on the maturity of the offshore zone, sufficient depth of the initial synrift half grabens, and the postrift carbonates being several kilometers thick. Upper Jurassic/Lower Cretaceous source rocks associated with deep-water carbonates are largely immature in the deep offshore (Northwest Cuba) except near the coast, where maturity level is high mainly because of thrusting and/or thickness of the foreland deposits. The third source rock is middle Cretaceous (Aptian/Cenomanian), recognized in onshore Cuba as well as in an Ocean Drilling Project (ODP) well; it appears to be an excellent source rock. In the offshore zone, these source rocks are mature only when buried under the flexural basin. The migration pathway under Jurassic evaporites and the middle Cretaceous unconformity (MCU) may lead to long northward as well as lateral migration from the kitchens. In the vicinity of the island of Cuba, in the first 100–150 km northward from the coast, various petroleum systems are active, and the high quality of numerous Cretaceous source-rock intervals show promise for hydrocarbon exploration in the area.

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AAPG Memoir

The Circum-Gulf of Mexico and the Caribbean: Hydrocarbon Habitats, Basin Formation and Plate Tectonics

Claudio Bartolini
Claudio Bartolini
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Richard T. Buffler
Richard T. Buffler
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Jon F. Blickwede
Jon F. Blickwede
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American Association of Petroleum Geologists
Volume
79
ISBN electronic:
9781629810546
Publication date:
January 01, 2003

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