Subsurface Mapping and Structural Elements of the Top Jurassic in Eastern Mexico (Poza Rica and Tampico Districts)
Published:January 01, 2003
Abelardo Cantú-Chapa, 2003. "Subsurface Mapping and Structural Elements of the Top Jurassic in Eastern Mexico (Poza Rica and Tampico Districts)", The Circum-Gulf of Mexico and the Caribbean: Hydrocarbon Habitats, Basin Formation and Plate Tectonics, Claudio Bartolini, Richard T. Buffler, Jon F. Blickwede
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The configuration of the top Jurassic is based on structural maps derived from oil-well data on the subsurface from the Poza Rica and Tampico regions, eastern Mexico. The maps are based on depths to the contact of the Pimienta and Lower Tamaulipas Formations at the Jurassic-Cretaceous boundary. Lithostratigraphic and chronostratigraphic data are from gamma-ray logs and ammonites, respectively. In the Poza Rica district, the La Mesa syncline was surveyed in the northwest, and the Sultepec homocline in the southeast. The depth to the top Jurassic varies from 2000 to 3700 m in the east and southeast of this region. An elongated area remained emergent during deposition of the Tithonian Pimienta Formation, along the present Gulf of Mexico coast east of Poza Rica, continuing to the southeast of the Tampico area. The Pimienta Formation was eroded in the southeast of Poza Rica along the initial cut of the San Andrés paleocanyon. In the Tampico district, the top of the Pimienta Formation is found from 1000 to 3000 m in depth. Two structures, the Tranquitas anticlinorium and the Tanquian anticlinorium, are observed in the northwest and central part of the Tampico district, respectively. Various areas remained emergent during deposition of this formation to the east and southeast of Tampico. They were part of an ancient continent composed of metamorphic and intrusive rocks, and upper Paleozoic continental origin. In the Bejuco region east of the Tampico district, two structures, the Piedra de Cal anticline and the Jabonera syncline, are observed; depth to the top Jurassic varies from 1400 to 3000 m, respectively. In this same region, two areas, Llano de Bustos and La Aguada, remained emergent during the upper Tithonian.
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The Circum-Gulf of Mexico and the Caribbean: Hydrocarbon Habitats, Basin Formation and Plate Tectonics
The Circum-Gulf of Mexico and the Caribbean has long been one of the world's most important petroleum provinces, as well as one of the world's most geologically complex regions. These two characteristics have resulted in an extensive amount of ongoing research by both industry and academia. AAPG Memoir 79, The Circum-Gulf of Mexico and the Caribbean, is the first volume in more than a decade to document such a wide range of research on the geology of this vast area. Of the total 44 papers, roughly two-thirds pertain to the Gulf of Mexico, with an emphasis on the Mexican portion of the basin, and to the petroliferous areas of the southern Caribbean, including Colombia, Venezuela, Cuba, and Trinidad and Tobago. The remaining papers relate to the Antilles and Central America, as well as a series of papers that address region-wide topics such as plate tectonic evolution. A significant number of papers were contributed by authors from national oil companies and universities from within the region.