Skip to Main Content
Book Chapter

Tectonic Sequence Stratigraphy of the Western Margin of the Gulf of Mexico in the Late Mesozoic and Cenozoic: Less Passive than Previously Imagined

By
Andrew D. Horbury
Andrew D. Horbury
Cambridge Carbonates Ltd., Solihull, West Midlands, U.K. and Royal Holloway College, University of London, U.K.
Search for other works by this author on:
Stephen Hall
Stephen Hall
StrucOil Inc., Houston, Texas, U.S.A.
Search for other works by this author on:
González-P. Francisco
González-P. Francisco
PEP, Tampico, Mexico
Search for other works by this author on:
Rodríguez-F. Dioniso
Rodríguez-F. Dioniso
PEP, Tampico, Mexico
Search for other works by this author on:
Reyes-F. Armando
Reyes-F. Armando
PEP, Tampico, Mexico
Search for other works by this author on:
Ortiz-G. Patricia
Ortiz-G. Patricia
PEP, Tampico, Mexico
Search for other works by this author on:
Martínez-M. Martín
Martínez-M. Martín
PEP, Tampico, Mexico
Search for other works by this author on:
Quintanilla-R. Guillermo
Quintanilla-R. Guillermo
PEP, Tampico, Mexico
Search for other works by this author on:
Published:
January 01, 2003

Abstract

Middle Eocene compression resulted in formation of the Sierra Madre Oriental fold and thrust belt and end-early Miocene compression resulted in formation of the Chiapas-Campeche fold and thrust belt. These events mask the importance of other periods of deformation, principally in the Middle–Late Jurassic, Late Cretaceous, and Paleogene. Deformation is represented by folding, thick-skinned thrusting, basin inversion, and development of major angular unconformities. Associated features include development of karstification, production of breccias, onlap, lowstand wedges, seeding of carbonate platforms, entry of siliciclastic sediments into carbonate basins, significant switches in input directions of clastic sedimentary systems, initiation of extensional tectonism basinward of the compressive deformation front and igneous activity.

We propose that, during the late Mesozoic and the Cenozoic, Pacific plate-margin compressive deformation often extended eastward into the Gulf of Mexico. Two main belts of deformation are identified, which are linked back to Pacific plate-margin processes by postulated deep-seated faults. The first and outer (easternmost) belt is seen on regional seismic lines as a long-wavelength, easterly facing, monoclonal fold that developed close to the transition of thick into thinned continental crust. The Sierra Madre Oriental is the second belt of which the structural history already has been well described in the literature. Where salt is present at depth, compressional events are expressed only as laterally propagated thin-skinned folds and thrusts.

These events are of critical importance in that they contribute many unique geologic features that cumulatively give Mexico a world-class petroleum system.

You do not currently have access to this article.

Figures & Tables

Contents

AAPG Memoir

The Circum-Gulf of Mexico and the Caribbean: Hydrocarbon Habitats, Basin Formation and Plate Tectonics

Claudio Bartolini
Claudio Bartolini
Search for other works by this author on:
Richard T. Buffler
Richard T. Buffler
Search for other works by this author on:
Jon F. Blickwede
Jon F. Blickwede
Search for other works by this author on:
American Association of Petroleum Geologists
Volume
79
ISBN electronic:
9781629810546
Publication date:
January 01, 2003

GeoRef

References

Related

Citing Books via

Close Modal
This Feature Is Available To Subscribers Only

Sign In or Create an Account

Close Modal
Close Modal