The Geological Surveys of Texas and the Petroleum Industry
William L. Fisher, 2005. "The Geological Surveys of Texas and the Petroleum Industry", Discoverers of the 20th Century: Perfecting the Search, Charles A. Sternbach, Marlan W. Downey, Gerald M. Friedman
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President Emeritus and former Director of the Bureau of Economic Geology of The University of Texas at Austin, Peter T. Flawn, once observed that the “Bureau survived over the years because its leadership was able to anticipate change, adapt to it, and provide new directions when they were called for” (Ferguson, 1981, p. 150). Certainly such has been the case in the 100-year history of the Texas surveys and the petroleum industry. While the Bureau of Economic Geology and the petroleum industry have a long history, two periods stand out: First, the teens and the twenties under then Bureau Director J. A. Udden, when the oil industry was first emerging, and second, from the early seventies, when oil and gas production peaked and a new era of emphasis was placed on enlarged oil and gas recovery from existing fields, an era persisting today and one in which the Bureau has played and continues to play a major role.