Alpine Evolution and Hydrocarbon Geology of the Pannonian Basin: An Overview
Gábor C. Tari, Frank Horváth, 2006. "Alpine Evolution and Hydrocarbon Geology of the Pannonian Basin: An Overview", The Carpathians and Their Foreland: Geology and Hydrocarbon Resources, Jan Golonka, Frank J. Picha
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The well-understood Neogene Pannonian Basin was superimposed on an earlier, mostly Cretaceous compressional realm. Based on the interpretation of subsurface data sets, such as academic and industry reflection seismic and well data, the Eoalpine units of the Eastern Alps can and should be correlated beneath the northwest Pannonian Basin with corresponding tectonic units of the Western Carpathians. Similarly, the Eoalpine folded belt beneath the southeast Pannonian Basin has a structural style very similar to that of the internal part of the Eastern and Southern Carpathians. The level of understanding of these folded belts subcropping at the base of the Pannonian Basin system is poor compared to those of the existing models of the classical folded belt of the Carpathians. This mismatch is primarily caused by the subsurface nature of the problem and the pronounced overprint by Neogene extensional tectonics.
In the Pannonian Basin, several well-established and a few emerging exploration plays can be outlined. The key elements of the most important plays include Neogene compactional anticlines; structures related to neotectonic inversion and tectonic reactivation; stratigraphic traps in the deepest part of Neogene subbasins; Paleogene sandstones in structural traps; Senonian–Triassic carbonates in complex structural traps; and Mesozoic reservoirs in the Eoalpine (Cretaceous) and Mesoalpine (Paleogene) folded belts. The future of hydrocarbon exploration in the Pannonian Basin is largely the function of better geophysical imaging and advanced geological understanding of what lies beneath the mature Neogene extensional basin.
Copyright ©2006. The American Association of Petroleum Geologists.
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This volume of 30 chapters authored by 107 geologists and geophysicists from Austria, Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland, Romania, Slovakia, Ukraine, United Kingdom, and the USA provides a comprehensive and understandable account of geology and hydrocarbon resources of the entire Carpathian system from northeastern Austria to southern Romania, including the Neogene foredeep, the foreland platform both in front and beneath the thrust belt, the Carpathian thrust belt, and the late and post orogenic intermontane basins. Principal chapters on regional geology are supplemented by thematic contributions on geodynamic reconstructions, regional geophysical investigations, hydrocarbon systems, and case studies of major oil and gas fields. To date, close to 7 billion barrels of oil and more than 53 trillion cubic feet of natural gas have been produced from the entire Carpathian system. Additional new reserves may be found, especially at deeper structural levels below the Neogene foredeep and the thin-skinned Carpathian thrust belt. Seventeen chapters of Memoir 84 have been printed in full. The remaining chapters have been printed as abstracts only, with the full paper for all 30 chapters as .pdf files on the CD-ROM in the back of this publication. The publication is intended as a source of information to schools, governmental and private institutions, oil companies, and potential investors.