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Book Chapter

Components of Feeder Systems to a Deep-water Fan, Cingöz Formation at Karaisali, Turkey

By
N. Satur
N. Satur
1
Department of Geology and Petroleum Geology, King’s College, Aberdeen, United Kingdom
4
Present address: Statoil, Stavanger, Norway
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A. Hurst
A. Hurst
1
Department of Geology and Petroleum Geology, King’s College, Aberdeen, United Kingdom
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G. Kelling
G. Kelling
2
School of Earth Sciences and Geography, Keele University, Keele, United Kingdom
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B. T. Cronin
B. T. Cronin
1
Department of Geology and Petroleum Geology, King’s College, Aberdeen, United Kingdom
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K. Gürbüz
K. Gürbüz
3
Çukurova University, Geology Department, Adana, Turkey
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Published:
January 01, 2008

Abstract

The outcrops are located in the northern Adana Basin, near Karaisali village, 40 km (25 mi) from Adana city, Turkey (Figures 1, 2). During the Miocene, the Adana Basin was part of a foreland or forearc basin (Kelling et al., 1987). Sediment was eroded from the tectonically active Tauride Mountains to the north, and a thick package of predominantly deep- and shallow-marine sediments were deposited in the basin to the south. The Miocene (Burdigalian to Serravallian) deep-water clastics of the Cingöz Formation are the focus of this study.

In the western areas of the basin (Figure 2), a 9-km (5.6-mi)-long and 3–4-km (1.9–2.5-mi)-wide, asymmetric canyon is exposed. The canyon fill is sand-rich and composed of amalgamated beds that extend across its entire width (Figure 3). The beds are arranged into 15–20-m (50–66-ft)-thick packages of generally fining- and thinning-upward beds. The base of each package is generally erosive and composed of multiple channels (Figures 5, 6). Lateral to the canyon, thin-bedded sandstone and shales persist for several kilometers (miles), gradually passing laterally into homogenous basin-floor siltstones (Figure 8).

In the eastern areas (Figure 2), a feeder channel with its four tributary channels is exposed (Figure 11). These channels are an order of magnitude smaller than the canyon in the west. The channel fill is predominantly conglomerate-rich and composed of erosive and tabular turbidite beds with intervals of muddy debrite and hemipelagic shale beds (Figure 12).

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Contents

AAPG Studies in Geology

Atlas of Deep-Water Outcrops

Tor H. Nilsen
Tor H. Nilsen
Desceased
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Roger D. Shew
Roger D. Shew
University of North Carolina
Wilmington, North Carolina
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Gary S. Steffens
Gary S. Steffens
Shell International E&P
Houston, Texas
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Joseph R. J. Studlick
Joseph R. J. Studlick
Maersk Oil America Inc.
Houston, Texas
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American Association of Petroleum Geologists
Volume
56
ISBN electronic:
9781629810331
Publication date:
January 01, 2008

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