Outcrop characterization, 3-D Geological Modeling, and Upscaling for Reservoir Simulation of Jackfork Group Turbidites in the Hollywood Quarry, Arkansas, USA
J. Camilo Goyeneche, Roger M. Slatt, Alan J. Witten, Roger A. Young, 2008. "Outcrop characterization, 3-D Geological Modeling, and Upscaling for Reservoir Simulation of Jackfork Group Turbidites in the Hollywood Quarry, Arkansas, USA", Atlas of Deep-Water Outcrops, Tor H. Nilsen, Roger D. Shew, Gary S. Steffens, Joseph R. J. Studlick
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A 3-D geological model was constructed from a 3-D outcrop for reservoir flow simulation that can address the effects of small-scale (subseismic), interwell heterogeneities on production in analog deep-water oil and gas reservoirs.
The dimensions of the Hollywood Quarry, Arkansas (Figure 1), are 380 x 250 x 25 m (1247 x 821 x 83 ft) (Figures 2, 3). The quarry exposes in 3-D the upper Jackfork Group turbidites, which ate often used as an outcrop analog for deep-water reservoirs in the Gulf of Mexico and elsewhere. A variety of turbidite facies are present: lenticular, channelized sandstones, pebbly sandstones, and conglomerates within shales (CI); laterally continuous, interbedded thin sandstones and shales (SI, S2); and thicker, laterally continuous shales (Ml, M2). Sandstone and shale beds are folded and cut by strike-slip faults with a vertical component. These combinations of structural elements and facies have resulted in a stratigraphic interval that is highly compartmentalized, both horizontally and vertically. The quarry is used here as an analog to a variety of subsurface reservoir types.
Techniques used to characterize the quarry include behind-outcrop coring, outcrop gamma-ray (GR) logging, measured stratigraphic sections, sequential photography of the quarry walls, Digital Orthophoto-Quadrangle (DOQ) mapping, Ground Penetrating Radar (GPR), Global Positioning System (GPS), shallow, high-resolution seismic reflection, and GPS laser-gun positioning of geologic features in 3-D space.
The west wall has been quarried back within 0.5 m (1.6 ft) of the first inline of an earlier 3-D GPR survey and coring operation. The
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Tor H. Nilsen, a red-haired Scandinavian who stood more than six feet tall, died October 9, 2005, at his San Carlos, California, home. This was after a valiant five-year fight with melanoma cancer. He was 63. His ashes were scattered at his family plot in Norway in 2006.
He was born in New York City on November 29, 1941, to Mollie Abrahamson and Nils Marius Nilsen of Mandal, Norway, and was the first of their children to be born in the United States. After graduating from Brooklyn Tech, he earned his B.S. in geology from City College of New York in 1962. While there, his prowess on the basketball court impressed a scout from the New York Knicks, but Tor went on to graduate school and earned his M.S. and Ph.D. degrees in geology from the University of Wisconsin at Madison in 1964 and 1967, respectively. His M.S. thesis was a study of Precambrian metasedimentary deposits in the Lake Superior area, and his Ph.D. thesis was a study of Devonian alluvial-fan deposits of the Old Red Sandstone in western Norway.
Dr. Nilsen’s principal expertise was in depositional systems analysis, stratigraphic analysis, and the relationships among tectonics, eustasy, and sedimentation. He began his industry career in 1967 as a research geologist with the Shell Development Company in Houston, Texas, and Ventura, California, where he worked on the tectonics and sedimentation of Tertiary shelf systems of coastal California. He subsequently spent two years with the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers as the Military