Modeling the Semivariogram: New Approach, Methods Comparison, and Simulation Study
A. Gribov, K. Krivoruchko, J. M. Ver Hoef, 2006. "Modeling the Semivariogram: New Approach, Methods Comparison, and Simulation Study", Stochastic Modeling and Geostatistics: Principles, Methods, and Case Studies, Volume II, T. C. Coburn, J. M. Yarus, R. L. Chambers
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This chapter proposes some new methods for computing empirical semivariograms and covariances and for fitting semivariogram and covariance models to empirical data. Grid-based empirical semivariograms and covariances are described, in which the grid values are smoothed using triangular kernels. A model-fitting procedure using modified iterative weighted least squares is presented. This algorithm is shown to be reliable for a wide range of data types and conditions, and its implementation in commercial software is discussed. Comparisons to restricted maximum likelihood estimation are also discussed.