Overview of the United States Department of Energy's Gas-hydrate Research Program: 2000 to 2005
Edith C. Allison, Ray M. Boswell, 2009. "Overview of the United States Department of Energy's Gas-hydrate Research Program: 2000 to 2005", Natural Gas Hydrates—Energy Resource Potential and Associated Geologic Hazards, T. Collett, A. Johnson, C. Knapp, R. Boswell
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Gas hydrate has been a target of research by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) for more than two decades. Since 2000, an accelerated DOE research and development effort has included efforts to improve the understanding of gas-hydrate occurrence, its behavior under dynamic conditions, and its potential as a future energy source. The DOE has supported several important accomplishments: improved the understanding of the fundamental physical and chemical properties of gas hydrate and gas-hydrate-bearing sediments; significant strides in understanding how to detect and characterize gas-hydrate accumulations; improved understanding of the complexity of gas hydrate in nature; development of new tools to sample, measure, and monitor gas hydrate in the field; and the development of the first reservoir models of gas hydrates.
Ongoing work is expanding and extending these accomplishments within five broad categories: laboratory studies, modeling, exploration technologies, field studies, and field sample collection and analysis tool development. This work is being conducted through several cooperative agreements with universities and industries through funding for specific activities within the DOE National Laboratory system and through interagency agreements with the U.S. Geological Survey and Naval Research Laboratory.
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In September 2004, the American Association of Petroleum Geologists (AAPG) convened a Hedberg Research Conference in Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada titled "Natural Gas Hydrates: Energy Resource Potential and Associated Geologic Hazards." As a continuation of the Hedberg Research Conference in Vancouver, the conveners of the conference and the editors of this Memoir have worked with more than 150 authors and coauthors to prepare this Memoir on gas hydrates. This publication follows the goals of the Hedberg conference; however, the contents of this Memoir were expanded to include all aspects of gas hydrates in nature. This Memoir contains 39 individual contributions, ranging from long topical summaries to shorter focused research papers. This Memoir has been published in two parts, with digital versions of all the complete research papers included on the enclosed CD. The hardcopy portion of the Memoir includes abstracts and several key figures for each of the contributions along with a complete copy of a gas hydrate technical review. The digital portion of this Memoir has been organized into a series of topical sections consisting of review articles, marine gas hydrate papers, and gas hydrate laboratory and modeling studies. Because of the rapidly emerging worldwide interest in gas hydrates, this comprehensive treatise on the geology of gas hydrates will be valuable to both the gas hydrate research community and exploration/development geologists working in arctic and deep marine environments.