Turbidite Channel Architecture: Recognizing and Quantifying the Distribution of Channel-base Drapes Using Core and Dipmeter Data
Mark Barton, Ciaran O'Byrne, Carlos Pirmez, Bradford Prather, Frans van der Vlugt, F. Omer Alpak, Zoltan Sylvester, 2010. "Turbidite Channel Architecture: Recognizing and Quantifying the Distribution of Channel-base Drapes Using Core and Dipmeter Data", Dipmeter and Borehole Image Log Technology, M. Pöppelreiter, C. García-Carballido, M. Kraaijveld
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Field and simulation studies indicate that channel architecture and the presence of channel-base drapes (CBDs) can have a significant impact on oil recovery and represent key uncertainties in the understanding of a turbidite channel reservoir. Accordingly, understanding the frequency and distribution of CBDs provides valuable insights into reservoir performance. Core and dipmeter data contain information that can be used to recognize channel-base disconformities and associated CBDs. By comparing the observed number of channel-base disconformities to the observed number of disconformities overlain by mudstone, a statistical assessment of their frequency and distribution can be made. In a spatial sense, the fraction observed in the wells represents the average percentage of the channel elements within the reservoir that are overlain by a drape.
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Borehole imaging is among the fastest and most accurate methods for collecting high resolution subsurface data. Recent breakthroughs in acquisition, tool design, and modeling software provide real-time subsurface images of incredible detail, from the drill bit straight to a workstation. Associated interpretation workflows offer the high level of detail that is needed to make operational decision and to increase the predictability of subsurface models. Many exploration and production companies have acquired a wealth of dipmeter and image log data. The data are readily available and provide, for example the orientation of fractures and fluvial channels in space. Further applications of borehole imaging technology include matrix and fracture characterization, pore-type partitioning, geosteering, and in-situ stress determination. Exciting new applications are found in enhanced oil recovery, carbon dioxide sequestration, and geothermal projects. In addition, borehole image data are paramount to unlocking unconventional plays such as shale gas and coal-bed methane. AAPG Memoir 92 portrays key applications of dipmeter and image log data across the exploration and production life cycle. (Continued)