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Book Chapter

Introduction

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Published:
January 01, 2011

Abstract

Formation evaluation with wireline logs, for the purpose of estimating hydrocarbon pore volume (HPV), requires methods to accurately determine net-pay thickness, porosity, and hydrocarbon saturation. Traditional petrophysical algorithms, such as Archie’ s equation, need estimates of true formation resistivity (Rt) to calculate saturation and HPV, but many factors interfere with the ability to determine Rt. Resistivity modeling allows for accurate estimation of Rt from measured log data.

This chapter introduces the concepts of resistivity modeling for formation evaluation. The history of resistivity logs and modeling is reviewed briefly, and some fundamental concepts and terms, such as dimensionality of earth models and forward and inverse log modeling, are defined. The rationale for why and when resistivity modeling should be applied is introduced by a discussion of tool resolution and accuracy.

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Contents

AAPG Archie Series

Application of Resistivity-Tool-Response Modeling for Formation Evaluation

Hezhu Yin
Hezhu Yin
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American Association of Petroleum Geologists
Volume
2
ISBN electronic:
9781629810232
Publication date:
January 01, 2011

GeoRef

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