Tectonism has played a significant role in the formation of many coal basins throughout the world. In addition, tectonic factors provide stability or instability for peat accumulation and are catalysts for detrital influxes that terminate mires (Lyons and Rice, 1986; Korsch and Totterdell, 1995). Tectonic processes, such as folding and faulting, modify the coal deposit. Deciphering the tectonic history of a region and identifying the location and character of faults can be a challenge.
A fault is a natural break in strata where opposing block(s) have been subjected to movement. There are many fault classifications in the literature, most being based on genetic stress regimes and/or geometric configurations. Faults within coal deposits are derived through the processes of tectonism, sediment compaction, combustion, and glaciation.
Figures & Tables
This volume of the “Atlas of Coal Geology” provides 393 images on various subject matters related to coal deposits and coal resource utilization. The supporting text provides an introductory overview of coal exploration, mining, and coalbed methane (CBM) development, followed by discussions on various megascopic aspects of coal geology (microscopic aspects are covered in Volume 2). Because of the vast subject matter, many generalities had to be made in the text. References are included to guide those interested to more detailed discussions. All citations within the document are linked to the detailed reference list for this volume. The overriding theme for this publication is that a picture is worth a thousand words.