Construction and Analysis of Three-Dimensional Seismic Porosity Inversion Models
Hongliu Zeng, 2012. "Construction and Analysis of Three-Dimensional Seismic Porosity Inversion Models", Anatomy of a Giant Carbonate Reservoir: Fullerton Clear Fork (Lower Permian) Field, Permian Basin, Texas, Stephen C. Ruppel
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Geology-guided reconditioning of seismic data is the key to improving extraction of relevant geologic information from three-dimensional (3-D) data volumes. In the Fullerton Clear Fork reservoir, the most convenient and useful tools for data reconditioning are phase shifting and high-frequency enhancement. A simple seismic phase rotation (to 90°) reconditions seismic data for impedance representation, roughly linking seismic amplitude directly to log lithology and porosity and making stratigraphic correlation more accurate. High-frequency enhancement raises the dominant frequency of 3-D seismic data from 30 to 50 Hz, improving seismic resolution without significantly deteriorating signal-to-noise ratio. More accurate and finer scale seismic mapping of reservoir parameters is achieved from model-based progressive inversion that seamlessly integrates geologic interpretation of well-derived seismic data and model-based seismic inversion for high-resolution (2 ft [0.6 m]) impedance models.
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Anatomy of a Giant Carbonate Reservoir: Fullerton Clear Fork (Lower Permian) Field, Permian Basin, Texas
Despite declining production rates, existing reservoirs in the United States contain large quantities of remaining oil and gas that constitute an enormous target for improved diagnosis and imaging of reservoir properties. The resource target is especially large in carbonate reservoirs, where con entional data and methodologies are normally insufficient to resolve critical scales of reservoir heterogeneity. The objectives of the research described in this volume were to develop and test such methodologies for improvedimaging, measurement, modeling, and prediction of reservoir properties in carbonate hydrocarbon reservoirs. The focus of the study is the Permian Fullerton Clear Fork reservoir of the Permian Basin of west Texas. This reservoir is an especially appropriate choice because the Permian Basin is the la gest oil-bearing basin in the United States and, as a play, Clear Fork reservoirs have exhibited the lowest recovery efficiencies of all carbonate reservoirs in the Permian Basin.