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Book Chapter

Modeling the Sensitivity to Environmental Controls of the Late Pleistocene Lacustrine Delta Sequences in the Dead Sea Basin

By
Yuval Bartov
Yuval Bartov
Israel Energy Initiatives LTD
,
Jerusalem
,
Israel
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Mordechai Stein
Mordechai Stein
Geological Survey of Israel
,
Jerusalem
,
Israel
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Yehouda Enzel
Yehouda Enzel
Institute of Earth Sciences, Hebrew University of Jerusalem
,
Givat Ram, Jerusalem
,
Israel
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Christopher Kendell
Christopher Kendell
University of South Carolina, Department of Geological Sciences
,
Columbia, South Carolina
,
U.S.A.
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Philip Moore
Philip Moore
University of South Carolina, Department of Geological Sciences
,
Columbia, South Carolina
,
U.S.A.
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Published:
January 01, 2012

Abstract

The late Pleistocene in the Dead Sea Basin is one of the most studied and well-dated under-filled lacustrine deposits in the world and therefore provides a unique opportunity for analyzing individual controlling factors by applying field data into a forward model.

The analysis of the depositional history of basins commonly shows a nonunique solution caused by the interdependence of the depositional controlling factors. This can be demonstrated by modeling stratigraphic successions that were constructed using different sedimentary and tectonic values but visually look the same.

Here, we used the computer forward simulation SEDPAK to reconstruct the stratigraphic sequences observed in the field using multiple data sets that were established for these deposits. By applying a high-resolution lake level curve, subsidence history, and depositional rates in the offshore sections, we reduced the uncertainties of the model that match outcrop observations. We were then able to test the sensitivity of the simulated cross section to changes in individual parameters and evaluate the contribution of each of them to the result. This allows checking for errors and locations where more data are needed. It also provides insights into the distribution and character of potential hydrocarbon reservoir facies.

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Contents

AAPG Memoir

Lacustrine Sandstone Reservoirs and Hydrocarbon Systems

Olive W. (Terry) Baganz
Olive W. (Terry) Baganz
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Yuval Bartov
Yuval Bartov
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Kevin M. Bohacs
Kevin M. Bohacs
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Dag Nummedal
Dag Nummedal
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American Association of Petroleum Geologists
Volume
95
ISBN electronic:
9781629810096
Publication date:
January 01, 2012

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