Outcrop and Seismic Expressions of Coral Reefs, Carbonate Platforms, and Adjacent Deposits in the Tertiary of the Salalah Basin, South Oman
Jean R. F. Borgomano, Jeroen M. Peters, 2004. "Outcrop and Seismic Expressions of Coral Reefs, Carbonate Platforms, and Adjacent Deposits in the Tertiary of the Salalah Basin, South Oman", Seismic Imaging of Carbonate Reservoirs and Systems, Gregor P. Eberli, Jose Luis Masaferro, J. F. “Rick” Sarg
Download citation file:
The integration of outcrop, seismic, and well data in the Salalah area, south Oman, allows a sequence-stratigraphic interpretation of the Salalah carbonate margin that is related to the opening of the Gulf of Aden during the Tertiary. The outcrop expression of platform, coral reefs, faulted shelf edge, and base-of-slope carbonates is briefly described to support the seismostratigraphic interpretation of an analog interval in the subsurface. The rapidly increasing rate of subsidence, combined with the differentiation of faulted highs and troughs, resulted in the stepwise drowning of shallow-marine carbonates and the upward increase in basinal marls and tur-bidites. The growth of coral reefs on the edge of fault blocks preceded the end of carbonate deposition.
Figures & Tables
Recent advances in seismic acquisition, processing and visualization techniques image carbonate strata with unprecedented resolution. This volume documents the current state of the art in seismic imaging and interpreting of carbonate systems and captures the dynamics of the carbonate system on a large exploration scale and on a small reservoir scale. The book emphasizes the newest approaches in seismic visualization, seismic sedimentology and stratigraphy, seismic attribute analysis and their application for building improved 3-D reservoir models. Among the topics covered are the delineation of the complex histories of carbonate platform sequences from seismic data, the relationships between geometries and forming processes, the imaging of faults for improved mapping of potential fluid migration pathways, and use of seismic attributes for the extraction of rock properties in the sedimentary bodies. The book illustrates the power of integrating seismic and geological data to better predict of the architecture and heterogeneities in carbonate depositional systems. As such the book will be a useful reference for both geologists and geophysicists.