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Introduction

By
Gregor P. Eberli
Gregor P. Eberli
University of Miami, Miami, Florida, U.S.A.
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Jose Luis Masaferro
Jose Luis Masaferro
Shell E&P Technology Applications and Research (SEPTAR), Rijswijk, The Netherlands
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J. F. “Rick” Sarg
J. F. “Rick” Sarg
ExxonMobil Exploration Co., Houston, Texas
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Published:
January 01, 2004

Abstract

Recent advances in seismic acquisition, processing, and visualization techniques provide the opportunity to image carbonate reservoir architecture with unprecedented resolution. In particular, the increase in three-dimensional (3-D) seismic data acquisition and the improvements in processing techniques have contributed to these advances and have resulted in higher-resolution imaging of sedimentary bodies. In addition, the analysis of seismic attributes is a developing methodology to quantify the volumes and rock properties of these bodies (Masaferro et al., 2004). These advances in volume visualization that allow imaging of the morphology of ancient carbonate systems rivals images from satellite data in the modern environments (Figure 1). The additional advantage of seismic data is that the imaged deposits can be displayed at various stratigraphic levels thereby documenting the evolution of the depositional environment through time. The paleo-geomorphology can now be accurately imaged for carbonate systems constructed by extinct reef builders that have no modern analogs. This capability offers the unique opportunity to exploit 3-D images for questions regarding the growth pattern of different reef communities, their paleoecology, and reservoir heterogeneities in ancient systems. In addition, analyses of seismic attributes are a developing methodology to quantify the volumes and rock properties of sedimentary bodies. When relating the stratigraphic architecture to the forming processes, such information is invaluable to geologists who are often limited to two-dimensional (2-D) sections in outcrops or to the plan view in the modern depositional environment. Deciphering sedimentary processes based on the mutual feedback between seismic data and modern and

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Contents

AAPG Memoir

Seismic Imaging of Carbonate Reservoirs and Systems

Gregor P. Eberli
Gregor P. Eberli
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Jose Luis Masaferro
Jose Luis Masaferro
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J. F. “Rick” Sarg
J. F. “Rick” Sarg
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American Association of Petroleum Geologists
Volume
81
ISBN electronic:
9781629810058
Publication date:
January 01, 2004

GeoRef

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