Deep-Water Exploration In Atlantic Morocco: Where Are the Reservoirs?
Gabor Tari, Haddou Jabour, Jim Molnar, David Valasek, Mahmoud Zizi, 2013. "Deep-Water Exploration In Atlantic Morocco: Where Are the Reservoirs?", Tectonics and Sedimentation: Implications for Petroleum Systems, Dengliang Gao
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The Moroccan salt basin remains one of the least explored of the west African salt basins. Although small producing fields in the onshore Essaouira Basin exist, so far, only subcommercial discoveries on the shelf have been made. During the last decade, three exploration wells were drilled in the deep water between Essaouira and Tarfaya in the central segment of the Atlantic margin of Morocco. These wells documented a general lack of reservoir-facies siliciclastics within the Cenozoic and Upper Cretaceous deep-water sequence.
Compared to the other segments of the Atlantic margin, the Moroccan margin has had a fairly complex structural history since the Middle Jurassic breakup between the North American–African plates involving several well–documented Alpine compressional periods and mountain building in the adjacent Atlas Mountains. In particular, as the NeogeneHolocene inversion, uplift, and erosion of the Atlas system is very well documented onshore, the apparent lack of Upper Cretaceous and Cenozoic reservoirs in the first deep–water wells came as a surprise. Therefore, reservoir presence, as the most critical risk factor in the deep–water exploration of the Moroccan Atlantic margin, needs to be better understood before new exploration wells can be drilled. Based on regional evidence, the Lower Cretaceous and the Jurassic sequences are interpreted to be significantly more sand prone in the deep–water areas than the overlying Upper Cretaceous and Cenozoic strata.
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The influence of tectonics on sedimentation and hydrocarbon accumulation is different among extensional, strike-slip, and contractional structural styles. Addressing the role of different structural styles and syntectonic sedimentation in petroleum systems is essential to assess the hydrocarbon potential of sedimentary basins. This 18-chapter volume is small enough to focus on the interplay among tectonics, sedimentation, and petroleum systems. Yet it is big enough to cover the diversity of structural styles in important petroliferous sedimentary basins around the globe, including those in west Africa, east Africa, east Brazil, east United States of America, Gulf of Mexico, South China Sea, the Russian Arctic, and the Mediterranean Sea.