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Book Chapter

Synthesis: Brief Examples of Basin Analysis

By
G. deV. Klein
G. deV. Klein
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Published:
January 01, 1991

Abstract

The purpose of this chapter is to provide some brief examples of basin analyses by comparing what is known about different tectonic, basin-forming, sedimentary, stratigraphic, and maturation processes that have been documented during the evolution of a particular basin. A critical component to completing such a synthesis of a sedimentary basin is understanding the timing of each process. From that timing, the cause-and-effect relationships between processes are interpreted from the stratigraphic, tectonic, and diagenetic record preserved within a particular basin, and such information is combined with modelling and maturation studies and tectonic subsidence analysis. A complete synthesis of a sedimentary basin is dependent on the amount of research that has been completed in a given example. Thus the discussion that follows, unfortunately, is uneven because of the variable nature of data that exist for each example. For that reason, the format of some of the examples departs from the topical outline of and the order within previous chapters.

The author has selected four examples for different reasons. The first example is the North Sea. It was chosen because a vast amount of data has been obtained from it, and it is probably one of the most thoroughly studied sedimentary basins in the world, particularly in terms of the newer developments in the field of basin analysis. Attention will be focused primarily on the Viking and Central grabens, as well as the southwestern North Sea region of the British sector. These basins evolved initially as rift basins, went through a cratonic

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Contents

Reviews in Economic Geology

Sedimentary and Diagenetic Mineral Deposits: A Basin Analysis Approach to Exploration

Eric R. Force
Eric R. Force
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J. James Eidel
J. James Eidel
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J. Barry Maynard
J. Barry Maynard
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Society of Economic Geologists
Volume
5
ISBN electronic:
9781629490120
Publication date:
January 01, 1991

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