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Book Chapter

Sedimentary Basin Classification

By
G. deV. Klein
G. deV. Klein
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Published:
January 01, 1991

Abstract

Classification of sedimentary basins has undergone change with developments in plate tectonics and, in recent years, basin geodynamics. Basin classifications currently in existence were developed for different functions, mostly for petroleum exploration, but all such classifications are based on tectonics and geodynamics. Organic geochemical basin classifications are just now being proposed (Demaison and Huizinga, 1989). St. John et al. (1984) provided a map of both basins and sedimentary provinces and a review of two basin classifications oriented to volume of petroleum content. Their petroleum provinces included giant oil fields, pygmy fields, poor producers, and thick sediment accumulations not bounded by a basin, such as deltas or submarine fans. Although their map and basin summaries show one approach to organizing a classification of basins and petroleum reservoirs, different criteria of unequal weighting were mixed to organize their data set. To the writer's knowledge, the only attempt to approach sedimentary ore deposits on the basis of basin analysis was by Large (1988), who proposed that most sulfide mineralization in sedimentary basins occurs during the thermal stage of extensional basin subsidence (see Chapter 1). However, although Large (1988) has made a contribution by focusing attention on basin- forming processes, he did not consider the role of compres- sional basin formation processes in forming Mississippi Valley-type deposits, for instance (Bethke et al., 1988; Bethke and Marshak, 1990).

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Contents

Reviews in Economic Geology

Sedimentary and Diagenetic Mineral Deposits: A Basin Analysis Approach to Exploration

Eric R. Force
Eric R. Force
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J. James Eidel
J. James Eidel
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J. Barry Maynard
J. Barry Maynard
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Society of Economic Geologists
Volume
5
ISBN electronic:
9781629490120
Publication date:
January 01, 1991

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