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Book Chapter

Basin Analysis and Sedimentary Processes

Published:
January 01, 1991

Abstract

Basin analysis in the current era represents the integrative relations between many fields of earth sciences, especially geophysics, geochemistry, sedimentology, stratigraphy, precise biostratigraphy for geological age determinations, and computer modelling. Thus the thematic goal of this field of research is to view sedimentary basins in a broader interdisciplinary context. The various subdisciplines of earth science today are undergoing major change and as a consequence, the traditional boundaries between subdisciplines in the earth sciences are breaking down; the solution to solving basin problems is a cross-disciplinary approach. Over the past decade, earth scientists have discovered that the problem agendas of the various subdisciplines such as sedimentology, geodynamics, geophysics, organic geochemistry, have been solved to a great extent. The solutions set the stage to address problems of a larger scale that required an integrated approach. These larger scale problems relevant to basin formation include the evolution of the earth, fluid movement, maturation, and long-term changes in sea level and climate, among many others.

Basin analysis integrates all relevant geological disciplines to solve problems within and adjacent to sedimentary basins (see Welte, 1989; Poelchau and Mann, 1989). Basin analysis evolved in the petroleum industry from work that provided regional syntheses of stratigraphy and sedimentation in terms of broad tectonic relations that could be mapped in the field or subsurface. Initially, oil companies focused on the stratigraphic relations within a target basin, the environments and facies of specific target pay zones, the biostratigraphy of the basin succession, and its tectonic framework. Subsequently, the field

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Contents

Reviews in Economic Geology

Sedimentary and Diagenetic Mineral Deposits: A Basin Analysis Approach to Exploration

Eric R. Force
Eric R. Force
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J. James Eidel
J. James Eidel
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J. Barry Maynard
J. Barry Maynard
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Society of Economic Geologists
Volume
5
ISBN electronic:
9781629490120
Publication date:
January 01, 1991

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