The Record of Microbially Induced Sedimentary Structures (MISS) in the Swedish Paleozoic
Published:January 01, 2012
Mikael Calner, Mats E. Eriksson, 2012. "The Record of Microbially Induced Sedimentary Structures (MISS) in the Swedish Paleozoic", Microbial Mats in Siliciclastic Depositional Systems Through Time, Nora Noffke, Henry Chafetz
Download citation file:
Microbially induced sedimentary structures (MISS) in siliciclastic shallow-marine strata occur in the lower and middle Cambrian and the Silurian of southern Sweden. These are typically transparent wrinkle structures with a wide range of morphologies. They are exclusívely associated with shoreface to lower shoreface environments, characterized by fine-grained sandstone interbedded with mudstone and a Cruziana ichnofacies. Thicker, non-transparent forms with high-relief crinkled surfaces occur in the same paleoenvironments. The landward sand-dominated facies belt with Skolithos ichnofacies (upper shoreface–foreshore) lack preserved wrinkle structures. Evidently, wrinkle structures are more common than previously thought in the Swedish Paleozoic and provide an important tool for understanding paleoenvironments and benthic paleoecology in strata largely devoid of body and trace fossils.
Figures & Tables
Microbial Mats in Siliciclastic Depositional Systems Through Time
The research field on microbial mats in siliciclastic environmental settings has greatly developed since its establishment by studies of pioneering scientists such as Gisela Gerdes, Wolfgang Krumbein, Jürgen Scheiber, David Bottjer and others. This SEPM Special Publication is the result of the SEPM Research Conference on Sandy Microbial Mats (modern and ancient), which was held in May 21-23, 2010 at Dinosaur Ridge, Denver, Colorado, USA. This volume presents peer reviewed individual case studies on microbial mats and on sedimentary structures (often called “microbially induced sedimentary structures-MISS”) that occur in modern and ancient marine and terrestrial environments. The conference brought together sedimentologists, microbiologists, and paleontologists from 30 countries and all five continents.