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Book Chapter

Introduction

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Published:
January 01, 2011

Abstract

Techniques for the study of outcrop geology have gone through a paradigm shift in the last decade. Traditional techniques such as analogue photography, logging and manual mapping using pens and pencils have been complemented and partly replaced by digital techniques. These digital techniques include LIDAR scanning, photorealistic mapping, remote sensing techniques and digital mapping tools. Recording methods have switched from paper to handheld computer tablets, GPS and digital data. The digital techniques allow for much higher precision and efficiency in acquisition of field geological data. The techniques complement but does not replace traditional scientific insight and empirical data when interpreting the outcrops. The combination of digital outcrop data with behind-the-outcrop borehole and geophysical data provides an unprecedented ability to move outcrop examples from analogues towards homologues. The ability to compare outcrop data, where much larger extents of geological systems can be viewed, with subsurface data where little primary data such as cores are available and geophysical data which may have unsatisfactory resolution, has revitalized outcrop geology in the last decade. Therefore, presently, and in the foreseeable future, outcrops will increase in their importance, both in terms of their independent value as the primary data source and training ground for geologists, but also for invaluable comparisons with subsurface data.

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Contents

SEPM Concepts in Sedimentology and Paleontology

Outcrops Revitalized: Tools, Techniques and Applications

Ole J. Martinsen
Ole J. Martinsen
Statoil Exploration
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Andrew J. Pulham
Andrew J. Pulham
ESACT
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Peter D.W. Haughton
Peter D.W. Haughton
University College Dublin
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Morgan D. Sullivan
Morgan D. Sullivan
Chevron Energy Technology Company
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SEPM Society for Sedimentary Geology
Volume
10
ISBN electronic:
9781565763067
Publication date:
January 01, 2011

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