Deep-Water Sedimentary Facies of the Magallanes Basin
Published:January 01, 2009
A. Fildani, B.W. Romans, S.M. Hubbard, 2009. "Deep-Water Sedimentary Facies of the Magallanes Basin", Stratigraphic Evolution of Deep-Water Architecture: Examples of controls and depositional styles from the Magallanes Basin, southern Chile, Andrea Fildani, Stephen M. Hubbard, Brian W. Romans, J.A. Covault, W.H. Crane, A. Bernhardt, Z.R. Jobe, D.A. Armitage, J.C. Fosdick, M.R. Shultz, J. Clark, D.R. Lowe, S.A. Graham
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The Tres Pasos Formation is a continental margin-scale progradational mudstone- to siltstone-rich slope succession. The lower part of this formation is characterized by an architecturally variable suite of sandstone-rich channel and sheet elements punctuated by mudstone-rich mass transport deposits. Sandstone-rich sedimentary bodies comprise massive sandstone (mostly high-density turbidity current deposits; S1 and S3 sensu Lowe, 1982), intrabasinal mudstone-clast conglomerates, and various finer-grained turbidite facies (i.e., Bouma divisions; Bouma, 1962). The sandstone bodies exhibit a highly-variable internal architecture, including complex scour-and-fill features and lateral facies changes. Large-scale mudstone-dominated mass transport deposits (MTDs) typically contain mud-matrix supported debris flow deposits mixed with slide/slump blocks of variable sizes and are common between sandstone packages. The upper part of the Tres Pasos Formation is dominated by turbiditic mudstone and siltstone, hemipelagic mudstone, and sparse scours filled with coarse-grained pebbly material interpreted as by-pass conduits.
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Stratigraphic Evolution of Deep-Water Architecture: Examples of controls and depositional styles from the Magallanes Basin, southern Chile
This large format (11 × 17 inch) all color outcrop atlas and field guide was produced for the SEPM Research Conference held in Chile in February, 2009. It contains a wealth of information on the world class deep water outcrops of the Cretaceous of the Magallanes Basin in the Ultima Esperanza District, Chilean Patagonia. This book covers the significant outcrops in the region the Punta Barrosa Formation, CerroToro Fm., and the Tres Pasos Fm.