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Controls on Deep-Water Stratigraphic Architecture

By
B.W. Romans
B.W. Romans
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A. Fildani
A. Fildani
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S.M. Hubbard
S.M. Hubbard
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Published:
January 01, 2009

Abstract

The effect of inherited attenuated crust from the closure of the predecessor backarc basin led to a relatively narrow orogenic belt during the Magallanes foreland development and a short distance from arc to foredeep. The attenuated crust heritage also provided continuous basinal subsidence (contributed to by fold-thrust belt loading and ophiolitic block obduction),which permitted long-lived (>20 my) deep-marine deposition and accumulation of >4000 m of turbiditic sediment that filled the basin axially in a north to south direction (Figs. ii.1A and C). Three distinct formations that reflect three distinct phases of deep-water deposition with different stacking patterns are featured in this document: the Punta Barrosa Formation, the Cerro Toro Formation, and the Tres Pasos Formation.

These three formations were deposited with contrasting stratigraphic architectures that we relate to two general factors: (1) variability in amount and type of source material (i.e., changes in provenance and/or staging area) and (2) variations in the basin shape throught time. Changes in the source and staging areas are represented by clear sedimentological differences, including the sandstone-and mudstone-dominated Punta Barrosa Formation with banded slurry beds, the conglomeratic channel-fill deposits of the Cerro Toro Formation, and the sandstone packages and mudstone-rich mass transport deposits of the Tres Pasos Formation slope system (Figs. ii.1B and C; see following page).

Basin morphology controls the general lay-out of depositional systems (e.g., channel dimensions, degree of confinement, dispersal patterns, etc.), which influences the distribution of sediment and resultant stacking patterns. We suggest

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Contents

SEPM Field Trip Guidebook

Stratigraphic Evolution of Deep-Water Architecture: Examples of controls and depositional styles from the Magallanes Basin, southern Chile

Andrea Fildani
Andrea Fildani
1.
Chevron Energy Technology Company, USA
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Stephen M. Hubbard
Stephen M. Hubbard
2.
Department of Geoscience, University of Calgary, Canada
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Brian W. Romans
Brian W. Romans
1.
Chevron Energy Technology Company, USA
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J.A. Covault
J.A. Covault
1.
Chevron Energy Technology Company, USA
3.
Department of Geological and Environmental Sciences, Stanford University, USA
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W.H. Crane
W.H. Crane
1.
Chevron Energy Technology Company, USA
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A. Bernhardt
A. Bernhardt
3.
Department of Geological and Environmental Sciences, Stanford University, USA
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Z.R. Jobe
Z.R. Jobe
3.
Department of Geological and Environmental Sciences, Stanford University, USA
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D.A. Armitage
D.A. Armitage
3.
Department of Geological and Environmental Sciences, Stanford University, USA
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J.C. Fosdick
J.C. Fosdick
3.
Department of Geological and Environmental Sciences, Stanford University, USA
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M.R. Shultz
M.R. Shultz
1.
Chevron Energy Technology Company, USA
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J. Clark
J. Clark
1.
Chevron Energy Technology Company, USA
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D.R. Lowe
D.R. Lowe
3.
Department of Geological and Environmental Sciences, Stanford University, USA
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S.A. Graham
S.A. Graham
3.
Department of Geological and Environmental Sciences, Stanford University, USA
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SEPM Society for Sedimentary Geology
Volume
10
ISBN electronic:
9781565762923
Publication date:
January 01, 2009

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