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The effect of inherited attenuated crust from the closure of the predecessor backarc basin led to a relatively narrow orogenic belt during the Magallanes foreland development and a short distance from arc to foredeep. The attenuated crust heritage also provided continuous basinal subsidence (contributed to by fold-thrust belt loading and ophiolitic block obduction),which permitted long-lived (>20 my) deep-marine deposition and accumulation of >4000 m of turbiditic sediment that filled the basin axially in a north to south direction (Figs. ii.1A and C). Three distinct formations that reflect three distinct phases of deep-water deposition with different stacking patterns are featured in this document: the Punta Barrosa Formation, the Cerro Toro Formation, and the Tres Pasos Formation.

These three formations were deposited with contrasting stratigraphic architectures that we relate to two general factors: (1) variability in amount and type of source material (i.e., changes in provenance and/or staging area) and (2) variations in the basin shape throught time. Changes in the source and staging areas are represented by clear sedimentological differences, including the sandstone-and mudstone-dominated Punta Barrosa Formation with banded slurry beds, the conglomeratic channel-fill deposits of the Cerro Toro Formation, and the sandstone packages and mudstone-rich mass transport deposits of the Tres Pasos Formation slope system (Figs. ii.1B and C; see following page).

Basin morphology controls the general lay-out of depositional systems (e.g., channel dimensions, degree of confinement, dispersal patterns, etc.), which influences the distribution of sediment and resultant stacking patterns. We suggest

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